Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 63 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Washington General Accounting Office, Jo Anne Grunbaum, Laura Kann, Teresa M. Amabile, Howard R. Burns, Lloyd J. Kolbe, Bruce R. Ledford, Cary Nelson, Geetika Pathania, and Vani R. Gowda.

Kann, Laura; And Others (1995). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance–United States, 1993. CDC Surveillance Summaries, MMWR/Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Systems monitor six categories of priority health risk behaviors among youth and young adults: (1) behaviors that contribute to intentional or unintentional injuries; (2) tobacco use (3) alcohol and other drug use; (4) sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases; (5) unhealthy dietary behaviors; and (6) physical inactivity. This report summarizes results from the national survey; 24 state surveys; and nine local surveys conducted among high school students during February through May 1993. Results include: 72% of all deaths among school-age youth and young adults are from four causes: motor vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide; 22.1% of youth had carried a weapon during the 30 days preceding the survey; 8.6% had attempted suicide during the 12 months preceding the survey; 53% of high school students had had sexual intercourse; 30.5% of high school students had smoked cigarettes during the 30 days preceding the survey; and only 15.4% had eaten five or more servings of fruits and vegetables on the day preceding the survey. The document includes a list of reports published in CDC surveillance summaries since January 1, 1985, 25 tables of data, and an appendix of state and local youth risk behavior surveillance system coordinators.   [More]  Descriptors: Drinking, Drug Use, Health Activities, High Schools

Zimmerman, Jim (1992). Electrical Surveillance, Science and Children. Students examine the concepts of electrical circuits and switches by building their own alarm systems. Students apply their understanding by creating recorder, window, pressure sensitive, and lunch box alarms. Descriptors: Electric Circuits, Electricity, Elementary School Science, Intermediate Grades

Westhoff, Wayne W.; And Others (1996). Sexual Risk-Taking by Muscovite Youth Attending School, Journal of School Health. Sexual behavioral risk factors were studied in 1,090 youth (mean age 14 years) in Moscow (Russia) using the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance survey. Only 26.3% of youth reported being taught about HIV/AIDS infection in school, and just 41.7% indicated discussion of HIV/AIDS with parents or other familial adults. Condoms were used in 41.7% of recent sexual episodes. Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Disease Control

Children's Foundation, Washington, DC. (2001). Child Care Center Licensing Study, 2001. This report is an update of information initially compiled in 1991 through a survey of the child care regulatory offices of the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The report begins with an introduction, definition of terms, and a question and answer summary. The bulk of the report is organized in alphabetical order by state or territory, and contains the licensing and regulatory data for each entity in the following 31 categories: (1) number and definition of regulated programs; (2) requirements; (3) regulations; (4) unannounced inspection policy; (5) complaint procedure; (6) staff qualification; (7) staff prescreening; (8) staff training; (9) child documentation policy; (10) child immunization policy; (11) discipline policy; (12) emergency medical consent policy; (13) environmental policy; (14) medication policy; (15) national life safety fire code policy; (16) playground policy; (17) regulatory process subcontracting policy; (18) smoking policy; (19) swimming pool policy; (20) transportation policy; (21) drop-in child care; (22) infant care programs; (23) overnight care programs; (24) programs for children with disabilities; (25) school age care programs; (26) sick child care programs; (27) subsidized programs (tiered reimbursement rates); (28) surveillance camera policy; (29) reporting child abuse and neglect; (30) local contacts; and (31) new or pending legislation. Descriptors: Certification, Compliance (Legal), Day Care, Day Care Centers

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. (1987). AIDS:Information on Global Dimensions and Possible Impacts. Fact Sheet to the Honorable Jesse Helms, U.S. Senate. Information is provided on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) on world population and demographics and the likely effects of AIDS on Zaire. The views of United States and World Health Organization (WHO) officials were obtained on regional differences in the incidence and natural history of AIDS, and on their efforts to improve surveillance and develop models for forecasting the disease's future course. United States foreign assistance to help other countries prevent and control the spread of AIDS is also documented. Appendixes supply statements on: (1) global epidemiology of AIDS; (2) AIDS surveillance and forecasting; (3) WHO's special program on AIDS; (4) United States support for international AIDS prevention; (5) epidemiology of AIDS in Zaire; (6) potential effects of AIDS in Zaire; and (7) United States foreign assistance for AIDS prevention in Zaire.   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Communicable Diseases, Delivery Systems, Demography

Burns, Howard R. (1976). Criminal Invasions of Privacy and Problems of Social Control of These Acts, Community College Social Science Journal. Describes the difficulties inherent in studying behaviors of the "intelligence community" through a case study of illegal electronic surveillance and other intelligence gathering operations by Los Angeles Community College District "College Police Agents" in 1970. Documents the case through official records, focusing on the non-responsiveness of the Board of Trustees and legal agencies to public demands for action, concluding that such bodies are ineffective in controlling criminal privacy invasions.   [More]  Descriptors: Activism, Community Colleges, Data Collection, Feminism

Charman, Tony (2003). Screening and Surveillance for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Research and Practice, Early Child Development and Care. Asserts that although no instrument has proved sufficiently robust to recommend universal screening, screening instruments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can play an important role. Discusses the clinical issues raised in screening for a developmental disorder, including risk status, management advice, and availability of services. Asserts that a by-product of screening is improvement in training and knowledge of health practitioners about early ASD signs. Descriptors: Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Disability Identification, Early Identification

Grunbaum, Jo Anne; Kann, Laura; Kinchen, Steven A.; Ross, James G.; Gowda, Vani R.; Collins, Janet L.; Kolbe, Lloyd J. (1999). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance–National Alternative High School Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 1998, MMWR/Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The Alternative High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey (ALT-YRBS) is one component of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which monitors six categories of health risk behaviors among youth and young adults. The 1998 ALT-YRBS measured priority health risk behaviors among students at alternative high schools. It used a three-stage cluster sample design to produce a nationally representative sample of students in grades 9-12 who attended alternative high schools. Results indicated that many alternative high school students engaged in behaviors that increased their likelihood of death from motor vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide. Comparing ALT-YRBS results with 1997 national YRBSS results demonstrates that the prevalence of most risk behaviors is higher among students attending alternative high schools than among students attending regular high schools. Some risk behaviors are more common among certain sex and racial/ethnic subgroups of students. (Contains 18 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Alcohol Abuse, Behavior Problems, Dietetics

Amabile, Teresa M.; And Others (1984). Social Influences on Creativity: Evaluation, Coaction, and Surveillance. Two experiments examined the effects of evaluation expectation and the presence of others on creativity in undergraduate students. In both, some Ss expected that their work would be evaluated by experts, while others expected no evaluation. Evaluation expectation was crossed, in each experiment, with the presence of others. In the first experiment, this variable was operationalized as coaction; some subjects worked individually in small groups, while others worked alone. In the second experiment, it was operationalized as surveillance; some subjects believed they were being watched while working. Effects of evaluation expectation were consistently strong. On both the verbal task used in Study 1 and the artistic task used in Study 2, creativity was lower in those groups expecting evaluation. Evidence on the social facilitation or social inhibition of creativity was less clear. Coaction had no effect, and surveillance had only a weak negative effect. Moreover, there was no clear evidence that the effect of surveillance was due to evaluation apprehension. The results are discussed in terms of motivational and cognitive influences on creativity. Three pages of references are included.   [More]  Descriptors: College Students, Creativity, Expectation, Student Evaluation

Pathania, Geetika (1991). "Soc.Culture.Indian": Computer Created Community for Indian Students and Professionals. A study invoked the uses and gratifications framework to look at a computerized bulletin board used largely by Indian students. Computer printouts of the first 15 messages entered into the bulletin board for each of 7 consecutive days (for a total of 105 messages) were classified by a human coder into categories of surveillance, diversionary, cultural identity needs of the individual, and social integrative. Results indicated that: (1) participation in what could be viewed as an interactive form of ethnic press served primarily to promote social identity and integration rather than assimilation into their environment; and (2) the bulletin board was used more as a support group (serving cultural identity and social integration needs) than as a newsgroup (serving needs for surveillance of the environment). (Sixty-one references are attached.) Descriptors: Acculturation, Content Analysis, Cultural Context, Electronic Mail

Brown, John A.; Brown, Robert C.; Ledford, Bruce R. (1996). Using Technology To Reduce Public School Violence, International Journal of Instructional Media. Describes technology-driven strategies for reducing school violence: (1) commitment communicated by newsletters and cable television; (2) elimination of weapons using metal detectors, surveillance cameras, breathalyzers, student passes, alarm systems, and school emergency plans; (3) two-way communications and low technology; (4) educational technology for the nonviolence curriculum; (5) critical television viewing; (6) and increased after-school activities including technology. Descriptors: After School Programs, Cable Television, Change Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education

Towers, Wayne M. (1984). Weekday and Sunday Newspaper Readership and Some Uses-And-Gratifications. Prompted by the lack of use and gratification studies that have concerned themselves with an examination of newspaper-related behaviors such as subscribing versus not subscribing, buying single copies versus not reading at all, and weekday versus Sunday newspaper readership, a study conducted a telephone survey of 543 persons to determine whether the concepts of surveillance, diversion, and interaction could prove useful in explaining such newspaper readership behaviors. Questions were asked concerning demographics, media usage, and reactions to a selection of use and gratification statements. In addition, three idiosyncratic statements were added to permit the emergence of other statement groupings. The data analysis revealed that subscribers who read both weekday and Sunday newspapers tended to have a strong generalized orientation toward surveillance of the environment, while nonreaders tended to view the newspaper as a diversion to pass time. Single copy readers used weekday newspapers as an interaction tool for finding materials to talk about, while Sunday newspaper single copy readers were more oriented toward the surveillance notion of understanding what is going on. The differences in the orientations of single copy readers helped to account for differences between weekday and Sunday circulation for local newspapers. Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Mass Media Effects, Media Research, Newspapers

Lain, Laurence B. (1985). The Readership Problem: Steps toward a Comprehensive Model. To determine the elements that most influence newspaper subscribership, 400 adults were polled in a stratified proportional sample to assess their levels of news media use in childhood and the strength of certain sociopsychological needs, and to record life style and demographic characteristics. Factor analysis of needs questions suggested the presence of three needs types: surveillance, companionship, and stimulation. Multiple regression analysis of the factors demonstrated that being white, male, and younger were the best predictors of the surveillance need. Lower levels of media exposure in childhood were the strongest predictors of the companionship need; being white and female were also significant. The sole predictor of the stimulation need was a lower level of news media exposure in childhood. Regular readers of newspapers were found to be older, more involved with their community, better educated, and surveillant. Results suggest that to attract and hold subscribers, newspapers should focus on presenting local news in depth and should be less concerned about competition from television. Younger adults present a rich potential market because of their higher educational attainment and their stronger surveillance need, although their greater mobility and lower levels of community integration lessen the impact of this market. Numerous tables and a three-page bibliography conclude the paper.   [More]  Descriptors: Adults, Demography, Individual Needs, Life Style

Yacoubian, George S., Jr. (2003). Tracking Ecstasy Trends in the United States with Data from Three National Drug Surveillance Systems, Journal of Drug Education. Anecdotal reports have suggested that the use of 3,4-methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy") is a prodigious problem across the United States. Unfortunately, no longitudinal evidence exists to support this contention. In the current study, data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), Monitoring the Future (MTF), and National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) are used to explore ecstasy use trends in the United States during the 1990s. While the use of ecstasy has increased over time, its prevalence is significantly less than other drugs of abuse. These findings suggest that anecdotal reports of an ecstasy epidemic is premature and that a less frenzied approach to ecstasy control and education may be warranted.   [More]  Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Surveys, Measurement Techniques, Incidence

Nelson, Cary (2003). Can E.T. Phone Home? The Brave New World of University Surveillance, Academe. In this article, the author shares his experience working at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland, and the lessons he learned about institutions and about academic researchers. Among the things he learned at the NIH was the attitude that biomedical scientists sometimes harbor toward their research subjects. Research is a heady mix of intellectual curiosity, self-interested careerism, and an ideology constructed of high-minded ideals: the pursuit of truth, the advancement of knowledge, the good of the many, notions that are not simply catch phrases but entire transcendentalizing discourses. Their usefulness in self-deception and rationalization is both notorious and easily forgotten. A system of independent research review and curtailment is clearly essential when real harm is a possibility. Here, the author discusses the institutional review board (IRB), which has authority to approve, require modification of, or disapprove research subject to a uniform policy or widely known as the "Common Rule."The article further illustrates how the institutional review boards have begun to extend, often inappropriately, their regulation of research and publication into new disciplines and fields. [This article was produced by American Association of University Professors.]   [More]  Descriptors: Ethics, Experimental Groups, Biomedicine, Researchers

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