Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 66 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Wayne M. Towers, Bettina Lankard Brown, Marcus Nieto, Marilyn C. Bracken, Christian M. Cupp, Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education. Ohio State Univ, William L. Rosenberg, Richard Ku, Kenneth L. Higbee, and Washington Department of Health and Human Services.

Higbee, Kenneth L. (1976). Factors Affecting Obedience in Preschool Children. This study investigated the effects of four factors (threat, surveillance, sex of child and time) on obedience of children to adult requests. An adult told the subjects (48 4-year-old boys and girls) to carry marbles from one box to another. The adult either made no threat or threatened the child for possible disobedience, and either stayed in the room or left the room during the session. Four measures of obedience were recorded for five consecutive 2-minute periods. Results showed in general that: (1) the children were very obedient; (2) threat increased obedience in girls, but not in boys; (3) surveillance increased the amount of time the children worked at the task; (4) obedience decreased with the passage of time; and (5) 94% of the children indicated that the experiment was fun, but 33% indicated that they would not like to do it again. These findings are compared with previous research findings on obedience, resistance to temptation and social reinforcement.   [More]  Descriptors: Behavior, Discipline, Preschool Children, Preschool Education

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC. (2000). Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving Health. This publication presents 10-year health objectives for the nation, reflecting the scientific advances that have occurred in the past 20 years in preventive medicine, disease surveillance, vaccine and therapeutic development, and information technology. It incorporates information from a broad cross-section of scientific experts. The publication includes 467 objectives in 28 focus areas. An "Introduction" discusses "The History Behind the Healthy People 2010 Initiative"; "The Way Healthy People 2010 Goals and Objectives Were Developed"; "The Central Goals of Healthy People 2010"; "The Relationship Between Individual and Community Health"; "How Healthy People 2010 Will Improve the Nation's Health"; "The Key Role of Community Partnerships"; "Everyone Can Help Achieve the Healthy People 2010 Objectives"; and "Other Information Is Available about Healthy People 2010." Section 1, "A Systematic Approach to Health Improvement," discusses "Healthy People 2010 Goals,""Objectives,""Determinants of Health Status," and "Health Status." Section 2, "Leading Health Indicators," focuses on "Physical Activity"; "Overweight and Obesity"; "Tobacco Use"; "Substance Abuse"; "Responsible Sexual Behavior"; "Mental Health"; "Injury and Violence"; "Environmental Quality"; "Immunization"; and "Access to Health Care." A bibliography includes related references. An appendix presents short titles for Healthy People 2010 Objectives.   [More]  Descriptors: Access to Health Care, Disease Control, Environmental Influences, Health Promotion

Cupp, Christian M. (1989). Security Considerations for Archives: Rare Book, Manuscript, and Other Special Collections. The first of six sections in this guide to security for special collections in archives and libraries discusses the importance of security and the difficulty of preventing theft of archival materials. The second section, which focuses on planning, recommends an inservice training program for staff, a planned communications network between library staff and police or security personnel, and cooperation with book dealers and collectors to identify book "fences." The contents of the inservice program are outlined, and the impact of the security system on patrons, the determination of which collections need to be protected, and the security of the building itself are considered. Various types of security equipment are described in the third section, including locking systems, security alarms, surveillance equipment, and guards. The pros and cons of each type of system are considered. Fire and water hazards are addressed in the fourth section, and criteria for evaluating fire protection are suggested. The fifth section discusses the legal aspects of the problem and suggests five questions that the administrator may wish to present to an attorney. A brief concluding statement in the sixth section reiterates the fact that, although electronic and legal tools are becoming available to archivists, the best security and surveillance systems are the diligence of staff members and the administrator's resolve to prosecute all crimes against the archives. A written statement of reference area rules, and regulations and guidelines for marking rare books, manuscripts, and other special collections are appended. (11 references)   [More]  Descriptors: Archives, Course Content, Equipment Evaluation, Fire Protection

Brown, Bettina Lankard (1999). The Mobile Worker in the Flexible Workplace. Trends and Issues Alert No. 10. New information technologies, changing work force demographics, rising customer expectations, transnational companies, and cost pressures are altering traditional views of what constitutes a workplace and have given rise to a new trend: the mobile worker in the flexible workplace. Two factors promote acceptance of telework or telecommuting: (1) employee flexibility in workspace, time, and productivity; and (2) employer profit margins and cost savings. A mobile work force appeals to employers because it can save money typically spent on office space, computer equipment, travel time, and conflict resolution. Surveillance of teleworkers, however, is a major consideration offsetting these cost benefits. Employers must ensure that the monitoring of teleworkers does not result in invasion of privacy or in practices that are perceived as negative or resented by employees. Also of key importance is the need for employers to help "hoteling" employees cope with feelings of isolation and rootlessness triggered by separation from the onsite work environment. New mobile work arrangements creating the virtual workplace–telecommuting, telework centers, nonterritorial offices, and team space–are changing the way companies and workers do business with each other and with their respective clients. (An annotated bibliography that contains 21 references constitutes 75% of this document.)   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Patterns, Flexible Working Hours

HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report (2002). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report: U.S. HIV and AIDS Cases Reported through December 2001. Year-End Edition. This report presents tables on: persons reported to be living with HIV infection and AIDS, by area and age group; AIDS cases and annual rates and HIV infection cases, by area and age group; male and female adult/adolescent annual AIDS and HIV infection rates; AIDS and HIV cases by age group, exposure category, and sex; male and female adult/adolescent AIDS and HIV infection cases, by exposure category and race/ethnicity; AIDS cases in adolescents and young adults, by sex and exposure category; pediatric AIDS and HIV infection cases, by exposure category and race/ethnicity; adult/adolescent AIDS cases by single and multiple exposure categories; and adult/adolescent AIDS cases among Hispanics, by exposure category and place of birth. The report also presents tables on AIDS incidence, AIDS incidence trends, trends in persons living with AIDS, and trends in deaths of persons living with AIDS. Findings indicate that in 1996, sharp declines in AIDS incidence occurred for the first time. From 1988-99, declines in AIDS incidence began to level off. Essentially no change occurred from 1999-01. AIDS prevalence has increased steadily over time. The addition of New York HIV data substantially affected the number and characteristics of HIV cases described in the report.   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Adolescents, Age Differences, Disease Incidence

Lavich, Margot; And Others (1977). Health Instruction Packages: Respiratory Therapy. Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in these four learning modules to teach respiratory therapy students a variety of job-related skills. The first module, "Anatomy and Physiology of the Central Controls of Respiration" by Margot Lavich, describes the functions of the five centers of the brain that control respiration and identifies abnormal breathing patterns that accompany specific respiratory center lesions. The second module, "Troubleshooting an MA-1 Volume Ventilator in Regards to Volume Loss" by Jan L. Yestingsmeier, teaches the therapist to systematically identify and correct the cause of an obstruction, leak, or malfunction of an MA-1 pre-set volume ventilator. The third and fourth modules were prepared by Linda Slater. "How to Perform Oral Endotracheal Intubation on an Adult Manikin" describes equipment and procedures for inserting an endotracheal tube through the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and glottis of a patient after a cardiopulmonary arrest. "Bacterial Surveillance" discusses the conditions and areas favorable to microbeal growth, the ways microbes are carried to patients, two methods of obtaining equipment cultures, and an effective system for bacterial surveillance. Each module details and illustrates procedures, provides sequential reinforcement exercises with immediate feedback, and concludes with a post-test and answer key. The modules take from 25 to 60 minutes each to complete. Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Biomedical Equipment, Equipment Utilization, Neurology

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education. (1978). Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Petroleum Equipment and Technical Operations, QM0142, 19-5. This subcourse containg lesson assignments, lesson texts, and programmed reviews covers the most frequently used equipment for transporting and storing petroleum products from the time they are purchased until they are consumed by the user. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Three lessons are included in the course. Lesson 1, Petroleum Equipment and Operations, covers bulk petroleum transporters and refuelers, gaging equipment, and use of the fuel system supply point. Lesson 2, Quality Surveillance and Petroleum Testing Facilities, includes categories of petroleum products; use of military and federal specifications; importance of and responsibility for the POL quality surveillance program; indications, causes, and disposition of off-specification products; and army petroleum laboratories and equipment. Lesson 3, Military Petroleum Pipelines, covers components of a military pipeline, advantages and disadvantages of pipelines; and identification of pipelines operated by the Army in World War II and currently. Each lesson in the course is designed for self-evaluation. This is done through the self-grading exercises which must be worked after studying each lesson text. An examination booklet is included.   [More]  Descriptors: Course Content, Equipment, Fuels, Individualized Instruction

Halper, Andrew; Ku, Richard (1975). New York City Police Department Street Crime Unit: An Exemplary Project. The document presents a description of the policies and procedures of the New York City Street Crime Unit (SCU) which conducts street surveillance and decoy activities. The organization and administrative structure of the SCU is studied according to the size of a unit and the chain of command requirements. The SCU's methods for selecting and maintaining personnel are based on a profile of the model candidate, recruitment and selection procedures, specialized training programs, and group morale. The SCU functions include: deployment, patrol preparations, decoy operations, and plainclothes surveillance. Guidelines for confrontation between plainclothes officers, stop and frisk procedures, arrest procedures, and their policy implications are given. The facilities, equipment, and communication system of the SCU are examined. A discussion of the legal issue of entrapment is presented and methods for maintaining the integrity of SCU members are considered. Data on SCU costs, arrest and conviction rates, injury levels, crime reductive impact, and other outcome measures are discussed. An evaluation design for assessing the outcomes and impacts of street crime unit operations is given. Statutes, equipment inventory, interview questions, guidelines, procedures, and performance evaluation forms related to SCU activities are appended. Descriptors: Costs, Crime, Demonstration Programs, Evaluation Methods

Turner Educational Services, Inc., Atlanta, GA. (2001). CNN Newsroom Classroom Guides, April 2001. These classroom guides, designed to accompany the daily CNN (Cable News Network) Newsroom broadcasts for the month of April 2001 provide program rundowns, suggestions for class activities and discussion, student handouts, and a list of related news terms. Top stories include: former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is arrested, a Chinese fighter jet and a U.S. Navy surveillance plane collide, U.S. diplomats make contact with the crew of the downed spy plane, the diplomatic standoff between the U.S. and China continues and the Chinese ambassador discusses his country's view of the situation, and the U.S. and China engage in a solution to the standoff as Chinese officials continue the search for their fighter pilot (April 2-6); President Bush sends a letter of condolence to the widow of the missing Chinese pilot, two candidates will face each other in a runoff election for the presidency of Peru, California's governor and a House subcommittee take steps to resolve the state's energy crisis, (April 12 broadcast pre-empted for coverage of the release of the U.S. plane crew from China), and the U.S. Navy spy plane crew returns to the U.S. (April 9-13); Cincinnati marks the Easter holiday with messages of racial healing, the U.S. and China prepare for this week's critical meeting, forty years ago, U.S.-backed Cuban exiles staged the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, U.S. and Chinese officials meet in Beijing, a decision on possible weapons sales to Taiwan carries political consequences, survivors and families mark the anniversary of the worst act of terrorism in the U.S. (April 16-20); U.S. faces major energy problems, upper Midwest, Mississippi River flooding threatens many communities, China reacts to the U.S. sale of arms to Taiwan, President Bush defers Taiwan's request for high-tech destroyers (April 26 duplicates April 27), ill American doctor evacuated from the South Pole, and the space shuttle Endeavour is homeward bound, and after ten years, Dennis Tito finally gets his trip to space (April 23-27.) Descriptors: Cable Television, Class Activities, Current Events, Discussion

Bracken, Marilyn C. (1976). A Government Agency's Program for Collection and Dissemination of Information. In an effort to help make products safer and to reduce product-related injuries, the Consumer Product Safety Commission relies heavily on consumer participation. To establish regulations, it utilizes the following: (1) an "Offeror" regulation whereby groups can offer to manage the safety standards development process; (2) a consumer roster which contains the names of individuals interested in participating in standards development; (3) public hearings and meetings; (4) inclusion of more consumer representatives on advisory boards; (5) the consumer deputy program which assists in surveillance activities; and (6) issuance of safety rules on specific products by consumer petition. To collect information concerning injuries, the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is the major data source. Information also is provided by: (1) a network of telecommunications terminals in hospitals; (2) in-depth studies in selected cases; (3) doctor's office reports; (4) death certificates; and (5) the National Health Interview Survey. To disseminate the information on product safety, public service announcements are sent to radio and television stations, publications are distributed, and specialized information requests are answered by researchers.   [More]  Descriptors: Agency Role, Consumer Protection, Data Collection, Federal Programs

Elliott, William R.; Rosenberg, William L. (1986). Gratifications Lost: The 1985 Philadelphia Newspaper Strike and Media Use. A study examined the relationship between newspaper gratifications sought and media use during and after a 1985 strike by unions of two Philadelphia newspapers, and the compensatory media behaviors, if any, people adopted to make up for the loss of their daily newspaper(s). It was hypothesized that during the strike, people would read more alternative newspapers (nonstriking) then when the newspapers were not on strike, and that during the newspaper strike, people would use compensatory media to satisfy the gratifications no longer served by the striking newspapers. Telephone interviews were conducted during the strike, and approximately three weeks after the strike had been settled, with 357 Philadelphia residents regarding their media use, demographic information, and gratifications sought for daily newspaper use. The completion rate was 55.5%. The results indicated no evidence that entertainment and advertising gratifications were associated with consistent differences in media use among subjects interviewed during and after the newspaper strike. However, media use differed in predictable ways for subjects at that time, primarily when the medium investigated was another newspaper. On the more specific predictions relating surveillance/contact gratifications correlationally with specialized newspapers, news magazines, local television news, and network television news use, a consistent pattern of positive correlations between the surveillance/contact dimension and each of the media use measures occurred. The results suggest that media gratifications are primarily the result of social situation and background factors and not of internal states. Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Labor Problems, Media Research, Newspapers

Wenner, Lawrence A. (1980). Political News on Television: A Closer Look at Audience Use and Avoidance Orientations. Based on preliminary interviews with 40 adults, an instrument was devised for assessing voters' uses and gratifications of viewing television news about presidential campaigns. When this instrument was used to survey 226 persons of voting age, an analysis by orthogonal rotation of the data produced a six-factor solution accounting for 52.6% of the variance. The six factors were labeled (1) avoidance (the most potent of the six factors), (2) conversation, (3) para-social interaction, (4) surveillance (general information seeking), (5) entertainment, and (6) selectivity. The results, largely consistent with earlier research on the subject, add some potentially important insights via the use of more extensive, open-ended preliminary interviews and the consequent development of a larger inventory of relevant items for testing. In using a lengthier and more sophisticated categorical scheme to measure gratifications relevant to political news, it became possible to make some potentially useful distinctions about what kind of surveillance gratifications are most relevant to different types of people attempting to make vote decisions. The findings, such as those pointing to comedy entertainment as a viable orientation for political cynics, also suggested that some latent, socially awkward, and systematically dysfunctional gratifications not only can be articulated by respondents, but more importantly can be empirically understood.   [More]  Descriptors: Adults, Communication Research, Factor Structure, Information Seeking

Towers, Wayne M.; Hartung, Barbara W. (1983). Explaining Magazine Readership with Uses-and-Gratifications Research. Approximately 500 people participated in a study that examined the relationship between generalized uses-and-gratifications statements and specific magazine reading behaviors. The subjects responded to a telephone survey that elicited information concerning demographics, media usage, and reactions to 14 uses-and-gratifications statements that had received widespread use in the print media studies prior to 1981. The statements were organized into three broad categories concerned with surveillance of, diversion from, and interaction with the surrounding environment. Results showed that the statements distinguished between people who had read a magazine during the previous month and those who had not, with the former using magazines to help them interact with the larger social environment and the latter producing unspecific explanations of their behavior. The statements also proved useful in distinguishing among subscribers, readers, and nonreaders of general consumer magazines and newsmagazines. In terms of overall magazine readership, interaction with the larger environment was the strongest predictor, even though it emerged as secondary to surveillance for newsmagazine readers and to diversion for general consumer magazine readers. Descriptors: Adults, Audiences, Behavior Patterns, Media Research

Ainsworth, L. L.; Bishop, H. P. (1971). The Effects of a 48-Hour Period of Sustained Field Activity on Tank Crew Performance. This report describes the effects of 48 hours of sustained operations on the performance of tank crews in communication, driving, surveillance, gunnery, and maintenance tasks. It is a continuation of research to determine the endurance of troops using combat equipment with 48-hour capability. Proficienty tests were constructed for each type of tank-crew activity and made part of a 12-hour field exercise. Two groups of crews were used; one group negotiated a problem course four consecutive times for a total of 48 hours of continuous operation, and a control group followed the same procedure but had 24-hour rest periods between each 12 hours of operation. Only moving surveillance and some driving activities showed significant performance deterioration over a 48-hour period of work without sleep. Major conclusions were: (1) No serious performance decrements result from operating present tank equipment continuously for 48 hours without sleep; (2) Performance at night is not significantly affected by the subject's diurnal rhythm; (3) No major changes in present unit organization and tactical doctrine are necessary to accomplish continuous tank operations for periods up to 48 hours.   [More]  Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Communication (Thought Transfer), Enlisted Personnel, Environmental Influences

Nieto, Marcus (1999). Security and Crime Prevention Strategies in California Public Schools. Key findings are presented from a survey conducted by the California Research Bureau showing that most California school districts incorporate violence prevention program curricula with a strong police and security presence. Many schools have installed closed circuit video surveillance cameras, canine searches, and metal detectors. Unfortunately, the vast majority of schools who actively use violence prevention and anti-drug use curricula are unable to directly measure the impact or effectiveness of these programs on reducing violence and drug use among students. Many small schools rely on school staff, teachers, and volunteers to provide supervision and security during school hours. Few California schools have brought together the key elements of students, parents, and civic and public officials to formulate a community response to school violence. While there are nearly 13,000 part-time and full-time school district personnel providing security in California K-12 schools, few are trained or certified in these types of jobs. By contrast, the state's largest school districts have their own police forces. Only 10 percent of medium-sized districts and fewer smaller districts have a dedicated school police force. A substantial number of school districts have agreements and contracts with municipal police or local law enforcement agencies. An appendix provides the survey questionnaire.   [More]  Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Crime Prevention, Data Collection, Elementary Secondary Education

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