Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 72 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Daniel Glaser, Washington Congress of the U.S, Evanston American Coll. Health Association, Thomas W. White, Robert M. O'Neil, Raymond J. Wlodkowski, Ira Michael Shepard, W. D. Shults, Rockville Public Health Service (DHHS), and Jay A. Higbee.

Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD. (1980). Promoting Health/Preventing Disease. Objectives for the Nation. Broad national goals, expressed as reductions in overall death rates or days of disability, have been established as guidelines for private and public sector policy makers in health-related fields. These goals were established through the work of various agencies, organizations, and individuals participating in a Department of Health and Human Services effort. Health priority areas have been set for five major life stages: infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. This volume sets out specific and quantifiable objectives for the attainment of these goals. Objectives are established for controlling and promoting understanding of: (1) high blood pressure; (2) family planning; (3) pregnancy and infant health; (4) immunization; (5) sexually transmitted diseases; (6) fluoridation and dental health; (7) surveillance and control of infectious diseases; (8) smoking; (9) misuse of alcohol and drugs; (10) physical fitness and exercise; (11) control of stress and violent behavior; (12) toxic agents; (13) occupational safety and health; (14) accident prevention and injury; and (15) nutrition. In discussing each of these subjects, the nature and status of the problem is set forth. Prevention and control measures and specific objectives for 1990 are considered, and the principal assumptions that underlie the framing of the objectives are outlined. The data necessary for tracking progress at the national and local levels are listed.   [More]  Descriptors: Accident Prevention, Dental Health, Disease Control, Drug Abuse

Lively, Edwin L. (1970). Doctoral Programs in New and Emerging Institutions – To Be or Not To Be?. Because of changes in the bases of financial support for graduate education, in supply-demand and placement factors, and in student selection of major fields, increased surveillance and even guidelines and restrictions on the creation, accreditation, and support of new doctoral programs have become justified. Some have proposed to limit Ph.D. production to 50, 75, or 100 of the older, more prestigious institutions of higher education. This would have the potential of stifling the intellectual and creative aspects of the degree, because quality and innovation cannot be maintained in all disciplines in any selected number of schools. Some of the emerging institutions have Ph.D.-granting departments that have received the leadership and support necessary to establish a quality degree, generally in programs for which there is substantial local need and support. In addition, limiting the Ph.D. programs to a few institutions, could create a schism in higher education and become a source for political intrigue. Seventy-three percent of all Ph.D. students are part-time and many of them are at the "emerging" institutions. This must be taken into account when the decisions regarding Ph.D. programs are made.   [More]  Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Doctoral Programs, Educational Quality, Graduate Study

O'Neil, Robert M. (1971). The Eclipse of Faculty Autonomy. The experience of New York University after the Cambodia-Kent crisis of May 1970 when court action nullified faculty decisions on the taking of exams, and the continuation of classes is indicative of the intrusive constraints derived from external forces on effective faculty self-government. This paper discusses: (1) the natural and intrinsic limitations on faculty participation in governance that include: the delegation of power by governing boards, the frequent absence or inadequacy of the structure for faculty self-government, the often negative faculty attitudes toward governance, the rapid expansion of higher education that has rendered decisionmaking more remote, and campus unrest; (2) the external threats to autonomy that include: restrictive and punitive legislation, recent court litigation, which has occasionally become a vehicle for criticism and repression of campus orthodoxy, campus surveillance by police and FBI agents, collective bargaining, the serious financial problems facing higher education, and the self-regulation process; and (3) some ways that faculty can combat these incursions and thus restore some control over the character and destiny of their profession.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Freedom, College Faculty, Decision Making, Faculty

Mamantov, Gleb, Ed.; Shults, W. D., Ed. (1972). Determination of Air Quality. Proceedings of the ACS Symposium on Determination of Air Quality. Composed of data submitted by a variety of experts in the field, this book provides an introduction to air pollution control. It contains the proceedings of the American Chemical Society Symposium on Determination of Air Quality held in Los Angeles, California, April 1-2, 1971. Contributions from chemists, physicians, engineers, administrators, and systems analysts provide an overview for newcomers and professionals alike working in the field of air quality control. Beginning with a review of present storage and handling activities, surveillance networks, correlative work with health effects, and efforts to combine several measured parameters into a single understandable value, the work then examines recent developments in the methodology of air quality analysis. It also explores more avant-garde topics such as the determination of odors, the use of electron spectroscopy, and the important inter-societal efforts aimed at standardizing analytical procedures in the area of air quality control. As a contribution to the present state of science and technology, this volume will generate activity in the area of pollution control at a time when more information and research is urgently needed. Descriptors: Air Pollution, Chemistry, Componential Analysis, Conference Reports

Blake, Reed H. (1972). Medio Communication: A Conceptualization. The classification of communication activity into interpersonal and mass communication is inadequate. A third category, "medio" communication, is also needed. Examples of this third type include point-to-point telecommunication (such as the telephone or mobile radio), surveillance telecommunication, and closed-circuit television. Medio communication shares characteristics of both interpersonal and mass communication. Like the former, the audience is usually small in number. The message is not public. The interaction pattern is fairly unstructured. Like mass communication, the audience can be heterogeneous and be spatially distant. The message is transmitted rapidly, and the channel used is usually expensive. Also, a technical instrument is used for message transmission. As one moves from interpersonal to medio to mass communication, the following characteristics appear: 1) the audience per communicator becomes larger; 2) the message becomes less specialized and more public; 3) the cost is higher; 4) the opportunity to participate diminishes; 5) there is less feedback; 6) there are more taboos in what is said.   [More]  Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Conceptual Schemes, Information Theory, Mass Media

Thornburgh, Richard L. (1975). Remarks of Richard L. Thornburgh to the Graduating Class, Career Prosecutor Course. Law enforcement today is under intense and increasing public pressure regarding allegations of wrongdoing such as wiretapping, illegal entry, and unlawful surveillance. Meanwhile, law enforcement must continue its main task of investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses in which the prosecutor plays a key role. In many communities the prosecutor's job remains a political office or a part-time occupation, and the costs of these shortcomings are high. Some recommendations for upgrading prosecutorial performance include additional continuing education programs and frequent and periodic reviews of our criminal codes to keep them in step with the times. New legislative tools for prosecutors also need to be sought, and the problem of financial resources to support prosecutive operations is a major one. Changes in the public's perception of the true nature of these problems and adjustments in the criminal justice process will enhance productivity. However, in the final analysis, the real opportunity to improve the criminal justice process exists in how prosecutors perform their duties at the local level. Prosecutors must never hesitate to follow the evidence where it leads, and there must be absolute regard for the guarantees of the Bill of Rights.   [More]  Descriptors: Careers, Law Enforcement, Laws, Lawyers

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs. (1975). Towards a National Nutrition Policy: Nutrition and Government. Experts testifying at the National Nutrition Policy study hearings on June 19-21, 1974 in Washington, at the invitation of the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, recommended several steps which the committee staff feel merit a prompt Congressional response. This report prepared by staff incorporates those recommendations, focusing on the need for: (1) creation of a Federal Food and Nutrition Office; (2) formalizing nutrition policy making into a written National Nutrition Plan; and (3) implementation of a better system of National Nutrition Surveillance. Members of the Nutrition Committee submitted legislation for improved nutrition education during the ninety-third Congress, and those recommendations are therefore only treated briefly in this report. A comprehensive National Nutrition Policy is necessary to coordinate and monitor the varied nutrition-related programs and activities now dispersed throughout the government. The present global food situation threatens millions overseas with starvation and requires immediate concerted action. The present lack of policy coordination derives from the multidimensional character of nutrition. Agricultural policy, tax policy, and even foreign policy all have nutritional implications. The flow of information to decision makers in a form they can use must be coordinated.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Delivery Systems, Federal Government, Federal Legislation

American Coll. Health Association, Evanston, IL. (1971). The Development of Health Programs for Junior and Community Colleges: An Interpretation of Recommended Standards and Practices for a College Health Program. The basic premise of this document is that every community college should have a plan through which the health needs of students, faculty and staff can be met by health services which are available, accessible and of high quality. Services should be available in each of the following program areas: personal medical, mental health, and other direct health care, including community-oriented preventive services; environmental surveillance and control; and health education. In meeting this standard, however, it is not necessary for a community college to directly provide services in all these areas; it may be possible to create and maintain a comprehensive and effective health program through coordination of medical, environmental, and educational services which are available throughout the community. The document reviews the procedures for setting up a comprehensive health program in a community college, describes in depth the various services and activities to be included, discusses the health personnel and physical plant necessary for a complete program, and reviews the business management procedures of a good health program.   [More]  Descriptors: Community Health Services, Health Education, Health Facilities, Health Programs

Shepard, Ira Michael; Olsen, Harry (1986). Employee Privacy Rights: A Management Guide. Employee privacy rights are considered, along with practical problems and permissible parameters of employer activity. Included is a state-by-state analysis of the status of workplace privacy. Definitions are offered of "invasion of privacy," with attention to four types of privacy invasions: (1) placing someone in a "false light," (2) the public disclosure of embarrassing private facts, (3) intrusion into someone's solitude, and (4) misappropriation of someone's right to publicity, to the pecuniary advantage of the defendant. Avoiding invasion-of-privacy and defamation claims requires a coordinated program of information management covering all phases of the employment relationship. For the following employment issues, legal protections are examined, along with actions that can be taken to implement and maintain a management information policy: preemployment screening procedures, employee records, use of polygraphs, drug testing, employee searches and surveillance, regulation of nonworking time, and employment references. The state guide to right-to-privacy includes citations of relevant statutes and case law, along with narrative explanation.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Guides, Civil Liberties, Confidential Records, Court Litigation

Glaser, Daniel; O'Leary, Vincent (1968). The Control and Treatment of Narcotics Use. Parole Decision Making. After a brief discussion of the physiological effects of drugs on the human body, seven distinctive features of drug usage in the United States since the start of World War II are noted, and initiation into drug usage is described. The notion of a distinct personality type of addicts is not favored since terms used to characterize the type are not precise, but rather a matter of degree. A review of legislation on the handling of narcotics is given, and several explanations are given for the difficulty in suppressing narcotics traffic. Finally, the controversy over whether drug usage should be considered purely an illness, strictly a crime, or a combination of both is discussed. The methods most widely employed, usually in combination, to combat narcotics use are described. These include: (1) imprisonment; (2) hospitalization, with medical and psychological services; (3) institutional group counseling; (4) community surveillance and testing; (5) casework programs in the community; and (6) mutual aid organizations of ex-addicts.   [More]  Descriptors: Behavior Change, Drug Abuse, Drug Addiction, Drug Legislation

1971 (1971). Directory of Government Agencies Safeguarding Consumer and Environment, Third Edition 1970-71. This directory is intended to help people who want to contact Federal and/or State officials for advice, assistance, information, and action in a variety of fields associated with consumer and environmental protection in any of the fifty states and the District of Columbia. Agencies are listed in eleven categories: food and drugs, meat and poultry surveillance, narcotics and dangerous drugs, consumer protection: fraud and deceptive practices, weights and measures, environmental control, air pollution control, water pollution control, noise abatement control, state insurance commissioner, and pesticide control. Information is arranged alphabetically by state specifying state, federal and/or regional agencies, each with person to contact, address, and telephone number.  Jurisdictional maps are provided showing boundaries of the regional, district, or field offices of the Food and Drug Administration, the Consumer Protection Program (U.S.D.A.), the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, the Federal Trade Commission, the Environmental Control Administration, the National Air Pollution Control Administration, the Federal Water Quality Administration, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the Pesticide Regulation Division (U.S.D.A.). Descriptors: Agencies, Consumer Education, Directories, Environment

Wlodkowski, Raymond J. (1982). Discipline: The Great False Hope. Discipline alone is not enough to make a school a better teaching and learning environment. Like punishment, discipline applied as control can cause more difficulties than it remedies; continual emphasis on discipline with constant surveillance by the teacher for infractions may produce more problems than it solves. By clearly connecting learning to discipline for students, the teacher demonstrates that the goal has required behavior. This helps students to understand that what they need and want is directly related to how they act. This understanding is essential for effective discipline and student self control. When practiced as such, students are no longer cast into a position of submissive obedience. Instead, they can see themselves as acting responsibly toward desired goals. With this approach, the emphasis is on learning and teaching with discipline playing an important but subordinate role. Research findings indicate that classroom organization and management, as part of instruction, are key processes in establishing and maintaining an effective and disciplined learning environment. Effective school and teacher characteristics which reinforce a positive learning environment are cited.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Role, Classroom Techniques, Discipline, Educational Environment

Higbee, Jay A. (1974). Impact of Technology on Human Rights: Responsibilities and Opportunities for the Social Studies. The author purports the need to control technology for the well-being of mankind by understanding and cultivating its beneficial features and countering its harmful effects and misuse. The intent of the paper is to alert social studies teachers to the responsibility of bridging the gap between scientific and technological knowledge and civic and managerial wisdom to understand the earth's resources. Although the accomplishments of technology are significant, technology has created many opportunities for encroachment on human rights. These threats can jeopardize constitutional rights with electronic surveillance, impair the quality of living with air and water pollution, and denigrate human dignity by assaulting sensibilities. While all three of these consequences threaten the quality of life, it is difficult for one or a few individuals to assert their rights to prevent such disturbances. Social studies teachers have the responsibility to educate about fundamental rights under the government to avoid manipulation by an oligarchical tech-bureaucracy in the future. They must seek to answer the following questions: (1) How can technology respond to societal needs without being destructive of human values and rights? (2) What is the responsibility of individuals and institutions in managing technology? and (3) How can we achieve an acceptable balance between conflicting interests?   [More]  Descriptors: Change Agents, Change Strategies, Citizenship Responsibility, Civil Liberties

White, Thomas W.; And Others (1975). Police Burglary Prevention Programs. The study is designed to assist police and other law enforcement agencies, as well as local government officials, in planning new burglary prevention activities and modifying existing ones. Information was compiled from (1) a survey of 50 United States police departments, (2) site visits to 12 departments with operating burglary prevention programs, (3) a literature review, and (4) meetings with offenders, victims, and law enforcement, business, and citizen groups. The study's major findings and recommendations are presented in chapter 2, covering problems that communities face in preventing burglaries and in developing prevention programs. Chapter 3 identifies burglary prevention activities currently used in the 50 cities surveyed. Several of those activities are discussed in detail in chapters 4 through 8: crime-patterns and vulnerability analysis and evaluation, community education, premise security surveys, property marking programs, patrol and surveillance activities, and anti-fencing operations. Tables provide statistics on burglaries and crime prevention programs. Appended materials (28 pages) describe: various police crime prevention training programs, the Minnesota Crime Watch program, Oakland and Los Angeles (California) security ordinances, A Model for Estimating Aggregate Deterence and Apprehension Effects, and a two-page bibliography.   [More]  Descriptors: Community Education, Community Programs, Crime, Human Services

Lepper, Mark R. (1973). Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Children. Final Report. Three experiments were conducted to examine the effects of providing extrinsic rewards for engaging in an activity on children's subsequent intrinsic interest in that activity. In each study, preschool children were asked to engage in an activity of initial intrinsic interest in individual experimental sessions. The children agreed to engage in this target activity under three different reward conditions. After these sessions, unobtrusive measures of the children's subsequent intrinsic interest were obtained during a series of free-play periods. In each of the studies, results indicated that asking children to engage in an activity of initial interest as a means to some ulterior end proved a consistently effective method for undermining these children's intrinsic interest in that activity. In addition, the results indicated that close adult surveillance also produced a similar decrement in subsequent intrinsic interest. Suggestions to maintain children's intrinsic motivation included: 1) systems of extrinsic reward systems should be employed only when nesessary to elicit the desired behavior pattern; and 2) when necessary, such programs should attempt to employ the least powerful rewards when required to produce the desired behavior change.   [More]  Descriptors: Attention Span, Behavior Change, Classroom Techniques, Experiments

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