Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 73 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Candace Falk, Myron Schreck, Roger Slee, Malibu National School Safety Center, Hector Eduardo Velasco Mondragon, Evanston American Academy of Pediatrics, Sue Binder, Betsy Phillips Tewey, Julie K. Klahn, and Carol J. Iverson.

Schreck, Myron (1991). The Fourth Amendment in the Public Schools: Issues for the 1990's and Beyond. Presentation Outline. In 1985, the United States Supreme Court, in "New Jersey v. T.L.O.," held that the Fourth Amendment applies to searches and seizures conducted by public school administrators. This paper discusses the current state of Fourth Amendment law with regard to public school searches and seizures. Among the subtopics discussed are the following: (1) the nature of reasonable suspicion and reasonable scope; (2) individualized suspicion, including student drug testing, canine sniffing for drugs, and magnetometer searches; (3) desks, lockers, and automobiles; (4) strip searches; (5) police involvement; (6) consent searches and undercover agents; (7) electronic surveillance; and (8) the exclusionary rule. Relevant cases are cited after each subtopic; in addition, the unresolved and controversial legal issues before the courts are discussed. Considering the nature of reasonable suspicion and reasonable scope, courts have generally upheld school searches and seizures: however, courts have invalidated school searches when school officials failed to describe in detail the particular facts of "suspicious behavior." (44 references) Descriptors: Court Litigation, Drug Use Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Courts

American Academy of Pediatrics, Evanston, IL. (1990). A Promise to Keep: What the U.S. Can Learn from Other Countries to Improve Child Health. Americans must accept the notion that each and every American is responsible for each and every child and the United States must develop a national children's policy encompassing concerns that influence children's health. There are at least four fundamental steps that the United States can take to improve children's health in the 1990s. They are: (1) embrace a broad view of children's health to encompass environmental and educational needs; (2) provide universal access to high quality health care, regardless of income levels; (3) reduce poverty; and (4) develop and maintain surveillance systems to keep children from falling through the cracks of the existing health care system. In addition, there are numerous specific programs that improve children's health currently being used in Canada and Europe that could be adopted for the United States. Programs focus on health visits, health insurance, preschool care, community health stations providing access to care, and pre- and postnatal care clinics. The foregoing conclusions were reached at the Conference on Cross-National Comparisons of Child Health, a conference held in March 1990 in Washington, D.C. Descriptors: Access to Health Care, Child Health, Day Care, Early Childhood Education

Velasco Mondragon, Hector Eduardo; And Others (1996). Binational Health Care for Migrants: The Health Data Exchange Pilot Project and the Binational Health Data Transfer System. As the economic integration of Mexico and the United States intensifies, so does the cross-migration of labor forces. Subsequently, when migrant workers or their families become ill, health care is often disjointed and suboptimal. Binational health data exchange among providers of health care becomes essential. GUAPA (incorporating the first three letters of Guanajuato and the state abbreviation for Pennsylvania) is a demonstration. project in Guanajuato (Mexico) and Pennsylvania that represents a vital step toward the assessment of health risk, epidemiological surveillance, and assurance of quality health care for mobile populations. The pilot system is designed to test the technical, financial, legal, and political aspects of data sharing between the two countries. Demographic and clinical data on Mexican migrant patients are collected and made available to front-line health care providers in Mexico and the United States. Data transfer concentrates on four tracer conditions of binational concern: sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, leprosy, and hepatitis. This chapter presents details on the development of the data transfer system, including system objectives, system design, software and data entry procedures, data analysis, procedures to protect client confidentiality, and preliminary evaluation. While GUAPA demonstrates that the exchange of health information is technologically possible with relative ease and minor expense, a larger challenge is becoming clear–to surmount political, cultural, and economic barriers that impede provision of health care on both sides of the border.   [More]  Descriptors: Access to Health Care, Data Processing, Demonstration Programs, Disease Control

Barra, H. Gensini; And Others (1996). Steps in Intrauterine Development, Children of the Tropics. Recognizing the importance of health care during the perinatal period, the topic for this issue of "Children in the Tropics" is prenatal development; this issue is intended for health educators for use in educating their clients about prenatal development, health care during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and the needs of the mother and neonate during the perinatal period. The sections are: (1) "Gestation," focusing on considerations for health care providers, psychological, social, and environment risk factors; (2) "Intrauterine Development," presenting a day-by-day account of organ formation and development, functions of the placenta, the amniotic fluid, methods of intrauterine stimulation, medication, drugs, and maternal diet; (3) "Surveillance of Pregnancy," detailing health care procedures and the impact of the expectant mother's family and social environment; (4) "Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Psychological and Physiological Experience," describing psychological needs during pregnancy, the role of the health team, physical and psychological aspects of childbirth, examination of the neonate, identifying gestational age, and breastfeeding; and (5) "The Health Team–An Interdisciplinary Team," presenting the educational needs of expectant mothers and their families and health care procedures during the perinatal period. An appendix describes the effects of specific drugs taken at various points during prenatal development, during labor, or while breastfeeding.   [More]  Descriptors: Birth, Breastfeeding, Foreign Countries, Health Services

Harper, Virginia H. (1983). Vocational Coop Programs and Attendance–Is the Tail Wagging the Dog?. Vocational cooperative education programs have a definite position in a comprehensive high school curriculum; however, concern has been expressed regarding whether students can fulfil academic requirements for graduation. The Raise Academics in Secondary Education bill in Florida requires more academic courses for graduation. In order for vocational cooperative programs to survive as electives in the curriculum, close attention and surveillance must be given to enforce existing attendance and grade average guidelines. Vocational cooperative programs are meant to enhance and broaden student learning, but the growing problem has been that the work programs overshadow the remainder of the curriculum, taking priority over attendance of regularly scheduled required courses, resulting in loss of credit, poor attitudes, and possibly discipline problems. A program was developed in a rural central Florida high school to address these problems through careful monitoring of class and work attendance. The objectives of this study were (1) attending required classes with at least a 90% attendance record; (2) maintaining a C or better grade point average; (3) improving student attitudes toward academic studies thereby improving faculty relationships with the cooperative programs. Appendices include (1) Student and Parent Agreement Form; (2) Vocational Coop Program Survey for students; (3) Vocational Coop Program Survey for Faculty; (4) Absence/Tardy Policy; (5) Weekly Grade Report Form; and (6) Vocational Coop Individual Student Profiles. A bibliography is included.  Descriptors: Academic Standards, Cooperative Education, Core Curriculum, Credits

Falk, Candace; And Others (1992). The Life and Times of Emma Goldman: A Curriculum for Middle and High School Students. Primary Historical Documents on: Immigration, Freedom of Expression, Women's Rights, Anti-Militarism, Art and Literature of Social Change. The documents in this curriculum unit are drawn from the massive archive collected by the Emma Goldman Papers Project at the University of California (Berkeley). They are linked to the standard social studies and humanities curriculum themes of art and literature, First Amendment rights, labor, progressive politics, and Red Scare, the rise of industrialization, immigration, women's rights, World War I, and yellow journalism. The unit uses the body of Goldman's personal papers, including correspondence and writings, as well as newspaper stories, government surveillance reports, and legal documents. As the records illustrate, Emma Goldman, a major figure in the history of American radicalism and feminism during a period when the expression of controversial ideas was itself dangerous, was among America's most prominent advocates of labor's right to organize, reproductive rights, sexual freedom, freedom of speech, and freedom of the individual. This curriculum is divided into five major topics all taught through the use of primary documents. Topics are: (1) Immigration; (2) Freedom of Expression; (3) Women's Rights; (4) Anti-Militarism; and (5) Arts and Literature of Social Change. A biographical essay on Emma Goldman is included, as well as an annotated list of six recommended films and videos and a 60-item annotated bibliography.   [More]  Descriptors: Females, Feminism, Freedom of Speech, High School Students

Slee, Roger (1997). Theorizing Discipline – Practical Research Implications for Schools. School discipline and behavior management is an area of considerable contest in educational policy formation. Additionally, educators have a greater responsibility to engage in more rigorous theorizing as a first step to more useful research. The first part of this paper distinguishes between "discipline" as a discourse of management and control and educational theories of student discipline and student behavior. By exploring and contrasting the epistemological foundations for classroom management with an educational theory of discipline, the paper proposes a greater range of interventions that free educators from both neo-Skinnerian behavioral straitjackets and from what Basil Bernstein (1996) has referred to as "spurious biology" or "sets of biological metaphors" that proceed from an acceptance that disruption in schools represents a problem of dysfunctional individual pathologies. The second part explores the political economy of surveillance and control in schools, offers observations on shortcomings of traditional methods of control, and considers new forms of student control. The paper suggests, by providing vignettes from two projects, ways of pursuing discipline that eschews short-term behaviorism and provides school communities with greater opportunity for educational progress. (Contains 87 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Action Research, Behaviorism, Democracy, Discipline Policy

Ing, Christine Domzal; Tewey, Betsy Phillips (1994). Summary of Data on Children and Youth with Disabilities. Chartbook. This monograph provides a compilation of 1985-1993 statistical data on children and youth with disabilities. Data sources included: (1) national surveys that collect economic and social information; (2) national surveys on health status; (3) health surveillance reports; and (4) program and administrative data from federal programs serving individuals with disabilities. An introduction provides a general overview of concepts and issues in the definition, measurement, collection, and interpretation of data. It highlights major findings pertaining to: the general prevalence of disabilities and chronic conditions in children and youth; health status and health care utilization; children in residential placements and in various educational settings; youth with disabilities in school-to-work transition programs; disabled children and youth receiving various federal benefits; and state-level data on children and youth with disabilities. The extensive tables that follow provide detailed information on prevalence of disability, health care utilization, education, school-to-work transition, federal program data, and state level data. Each table is accompanied by highlights and explanatory notes. The final section consists of an inventory of data sources and includes information on technical aspects of the surveys. (Contains 67 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Child Health, Data Collection, Data Interpretation, Definitions

Binder, Sue; Falk, Henry (1991). Strategic Plan for the Elimination of Childhood Lead Poisoning. This document describes an agenda for the first 5 years of a comprehensive effort to eliminate childhood lead poisoning. In 1984, between 3 and 4 million children were estimated to have blood lead levels high enough to adversely affect intelligence and behavior. Lead in the home environment, especially lead-based paint, is the major source of lead poisoning. Benefits of preventing lead exposure include reduced medical and special education costs, increased productivity, and reduced infant mortality. The strategy for eliminating lead poisoning involves: (1) increasing the number of activities that lead to the prevention of childhood lead poisoning and the funding of such activities; (2) increasing the abatement of the use of lead-based paint in housing; (3) reducing children's exposure to lead in the environment; and (4) establishing national surveillance of children with elevated blood lead levels. Funds that would be needed to implement the strategy are described and recommendations for implementing the strategy are offered. Also discussed are research activities that would complement the strategy. Eight references are cited. Appendixes include: (1) an account of the effects of lead exposure on children and fetuses; (2) a description of the benefits and costs of preventing lead exposure; (3) a history of childhood lead poisoning prevention programs; (4) a list of organizations that promote awareness of lead poisoning; and (5) guidelines for the development of lead abatement programs.   [More]  Descriptors: Child Health, Children, Financial Support, Health Care Costs

National Inst. on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders, Bethesda, MD. (1997). Recommendations of the NIDCD Working Group on Early Identification of Hearing Impairment on Acceptable Protocols for Use in State-Wide Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Programs. This document presents the consensus statement of a 2-day conference which addressed issues concerned with the early identification of hearing impairment. The conference resulted in the following consensus conclusions: (1) all infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit should be screened for hearing loss prior to discharge; (2) universal screening should be implemented for all infants within the first 3 months of life; (3) the preferred model for screening should begin with an evoked otoacoustic emissions test and should be followed by an auditory brainstem response test for all infants who fail the evoked otoacoustic emissions test; (4) comprehensive intervention and management programs must be an integral part of a universal screening program; (5) universal neonatal screening should not be a replacement for ongoing surveillance throughout infancy and early childhood; and (6) education of primary caregivers and primary health care providers on the early signs of hearing impairment is essential. Also included in this document are the recommendations of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders concerning acceptable protocols in statewide universal newborn hearing screening programs. These recommendations urge use of screening which involves a physiologic response implemented with objective response criteria.   [More]  Descriptors: Auditory Evaluation, Disability Identification, Early Identification, Early Intervention

Iverson, Carol J.; Klahn, Julie K. (1996). Roles for School Nurses in Adolescent Pregnancy: Prevention, Intervention and Support. The 1994 Nebraska Governor's round table subcommittee established the goal of lowering teenage pregnancies in the state by the year 2000. School nurses are in key positions to provide continuous support and surveillance of adolescent health through graduation. This publication presents guidelines and resources to encourage and assist school nurses across the state of Nebraska to fulfill the objectives of Nebraska Year 2000. These guidelines and resources are written with the intent of providing school nurses with additional information as they advocate for male and female adolescents in confronting issues of adolescent pregnancy. Materials presented here include: (1) Nebraska Year 2000 health goals related to sexual activity; (2) teen pregnancy statistics nationwide and in Nebraska; (3) discussion of the roles of parents, adolescents, health care providers and school system in making decisions about teen pregnancy; (4) discussion of cultural competency to address racial and ethnic minorities; (5) overviews of four prevention strategies identified as successful pregnancy intervention programs; (6) resources for strategies used in Nebraska; (7) the role of the school nurse; and (8) legal issues impacting adolescents. Bibliographical materials include an annotated resources list, current reading list, bibliography, and a resources list. Eleven appendices include statistical data, surveys, and other resources for school nurses.   [More]  Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Contraception, Early Parenthood

Wojtowicz, G. Greg; DesLauriers, Karen (1995). Teaching about Hazard Identification and Injury Control: A Student-Based Project Focusing on Pedestrian Safety. Students learn to practice safe behavior most effectively when they are actively involved in the process of identifying and controlling hazards. This article focuses on a problem faced by many urban-based schools–pedestrian safety. Hazard identification projects can be used to train students to develop practical, effective hazard controls. The purpose of this hazard surveillance study was twofold: (1) to identify hazards to pedestrian safety and (2) to involve students in a class project that would result in the development of hazard control measures. The project was implemented on a university campus and attempted to determine pedestrian crosswalk utilization rates at 15 campus-based sites. A geodemographic data collection protocol was designed to allow student observers to record vehicular and pedestrian traffic at the varied sites. Results indicated that a number of specific unidentified pedestrian hazards existed on the campus. Students used these data to develop varied approaches to hazard control including documentation, presentations to campus-based groups, and methods designed to support the development of a computer-based accident/injury data base. Graphs presenting data are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Accident Prevention, Data Collection, Higher Education, Pedestrian Traffic

Centers for Disease Control (DHHS/PHS), Atlanta, GA. (1991). Preventing Lead Poisoning in Young Children. A Statement by the Centers for Disease Control. This document is the fourth revision of a statement by the Centers for Disease Control. Introductory and background chapters present data that indicate significant adverse effects of lead levels in children's blood that were previously believed to be safe. Other chapters discuss: (1) sources of lead exposure, including paint, soil and dust, and drinking water; (2) the role of the pediatric health care provider, including interpreting blood lead levels and educating parents about reducing lead levels in the blood; (3) the role of state and local public health, housing, and environmental agencies; (4) screening, including schedules and measurement techniques; (5) diagnostic evaluation and medical management of affected children, including symptoms of lead poisoning and chelation procedures; (6) management of local hazards in the child's environment, including testing for lead-based paint; and (7) management of local hazards in the community, including surveillance of blood levels and environmental factors, prevention planning, and hazard abatement. At the end of most chapters, a list of references relevant to the chapter's topic is provided. Appendixes include a description of the protocol for testing blood lead levels through capillary sampling and a summary of the document for the benefit of pediatric health care providers.   [More]  Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Child Health, Clinical Diagnosis, Guidelines

Hargreaves, Andy (1989). Curriculum and Assessment Reform. Large-scale curriculum and assessment reform is neither a local peculiarity, nor a product of national political partisanship. It is a phenomenon of international dimensions. Divided into three sections and nine chapters, this book seeks to explain and interpret the nature, impact, and interrelatedness of recent important and far-reaching reforms. Part 1 outlines the rhetoric of school-centered innovation, a case study of the practice of school-centered innovation, the national curriculum policy and the culture of teaching, and teaching quality and educational change. Part 2 covers the crisis of curriculum and assessment; the case of achievement in assessment, motivation, and selection; assessment and surveillance; and the test of socialism in reforming educational assessment.  Part 3, the conclusion, discusses curriculum and assessment reform. This book recognizes that there are strong possibilities–and serious limitations–in both school-centered and centralized patterns of change. Further, sketched within the closing chapters are the beginnings of a reform model that might permit redefinition of the hegemonic academic curriculum as a basis for enhanced teacher development and improved educational opportunity for young people. (381 references) Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Quality

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA. (1995). Student Searches and the Law: An Administrator's Guide to Conducting Legal Searches on School Campuses. With the alarming increase in drugs and weapons on American school campuses, teachers and school officials have stepped up their efforts to search lockers, other school property, and sometimes the students themselves. School officials must remember that any search of a student creates a Fourth Amendment issue. Thus, it is important to know the language and meaning of the amendment as defined by the case of "New Jersey v. T.L.O." The issue is: What is a reasonable search? This guidebook examines factors that determine a reasonable search; presents the decisions of recent court cases; and explains issues involving the nature of the contraband, student consent, and imminent danger. It also discusses issues involved in conducting various searches: locker, vehicle, strip searches; searches by various officers and searches of visitors; metal detectors; drug testing; and surveillance. The handbook provides guidelines for conducting a successful search and offers a search-and-seizure checklist for fact-gathering and analyzing the Fourth Amendment as applied to a school search. Appendices contain sample school board policies, state statutes, and an article that reviews key court cases related to school-violence policies. (Contains 11 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Compliance (Legal), Constitutional Law, Court Litigation

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