Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 74 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Springfield. Illinois State Council on Nutrition, Patricia J. Biro, Albuquerque National Indian Council on Aging, Rockville Public Health Service (DHHS), Washington Congress of the U.S, Michelle A. Bell, Janis Lindsay, Lansing. Michigan State Dept. of Public Health, James P. Grant, and Maggie Black.

National Indian Council on Aging, Albuquerque, NM. (1982). Access, a Demonstration Project: Entitlement for Indian Elders. Final Report. As a result of growing concern for American Indian elderly and an awareness of many not participating in entitlement programs (Food Stamps, Commodities) for which they were eligible, representatives of the Administration for Native Americans and the National Indian Council on Aging (NICOA) planned to conduct an access survey and to develop an access model. Beginning in spring 1979, four reservation sites (Papago, Jicarilla Apache, Pine Ridge, and Confederated Tribes of Siletz) were surveyed and data gathered through personal interviews with Indian elderly people. In addition to reservation survey efforts, a similar survey was conducted in Albuquerque during 1982. This survey compiled the same types of information as the reservation-based surveys, except that this effort was aimed at discerning the needs of urban Indian elderly. Survey findings presented needs of reservation and urban Indian elderly regarding income for basic subsistence needs, protection and surveillance against abuse and burglary, transportation, household maintenance, information and advocacy for enrollment in entitlement programs, a "comforter" visitation program, cultural enrichment activities, and educational effort for relatives of the elderly to encourage assistance. A description of an Access Project Model with five action plans concludes the report. Appendices provide job descriptions, work plan, sample letter, role of NICOA, and statistical information on elderly participation. Descriptors: American Indians, Community Characteristics, Community Surveys, Delivery Systems

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor. (1986). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Oversight: OMB Involvement in VDT Study. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Safety of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session (June 4, 1986). This hearing addressed the issue of whether the delays in producing a proposed National Institute for Occupational and Safety Health (NIOSH) study on the possible health hazards associated with video display terminals (VDTs) are due to concerns about scientific methodology or unwarranted interference by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The following witnesses made statements before the committee: (1) Barbara J. Easterling, executive vice president, accompanied by David LeGrande, occupational safety and health representative, and Lou Gerber, legislative representative, Communications Workers of America; (2) James M. Melius, Director, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, NIOSH, accompanied by Theresa Schnorr, NIOSH, and Gooloo Wunderlich, Public Health Service; (3) Hubert F. Owens, counsel, BellSouth Corporation, accompanied by Melissa Hess, industrial engineer, and Brian MacMahon, chairman of epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health. The following prepared statements, letters, and supplemental material were submitted in addition to the prepared statements of the above witnesses: (1) prepared statement on behalf of American Telephone and Telegraph, by James P. Dunn; (2) prepared statement on behalf of the Newspaper Guild, by Charles A. Perlik, Jr.; (3) letter by Karen Nussbaum, Service Employees International Union to Honorable Joseph M. Gaydos; and (4) letter by John J. Sweeney, Service Employees International Union, to Congressman Gaydos.   [More]  Descriptors: Display Systems, Federal Regulation, Health Conditions, Hearings

Jones, Kelsey A. (1986). An Environmental Approach to Environmental Health, Occupational Safety, and Institutional Security. Senior administrators at the University of the District of Columbia (UDC) guided the investigation of the college's safety and security. Through interviews, it was found that key concerns were protection of facilities (property), safety/security of university personnel, and the institution's public. An environmental approach to safety and security addressed both the reality and fear of crime. Advanced students in the department of criminal justice initiated an investigation of the quality of life at Forest Creek Aparements designed to involve residents in a comprehensive crime watch program, reduce and deter possible crimes of theft, and assume a shared responsibility for access and surveillance. A focus on the physical setting was designed to engender a feeling of security and freedom of movement. This positive response was expected to promote a shift in self-perception, to erode an internalized image of being the victim in one's own environment. The change in the environment was thought to create a change in attitude that provides initiative to detecting and responding to crime. This environmental approach to security was proposed for UDC. Philosophical views concerning the individual's relationship to the environment were also considered. The interviews identified specific needs concerning security. Interview questions and answers are included. Descriptors: Attitude Change, College Environment, Crime Prevention, Higher Education

Lindsay, Janis (1983). Career Education for Mentally Handicapped Adults. Discussion Paper 01/83. A study examined the career education opportunities available to mentally handicapped adults in British Columbia. The primary objectives of the study were to assess the effectiveness of various methods and models in meeting the needs of mentally handicapped adults, to explore the policy implications of the program strengths and weaknesses, to identify the linkages and overlaps of vocational rehabilitation services provided for mentally handicapped adults, and to propose a method of providing coordinated and comprehensive career education services to all mentally handicapped adults who demonstrate a need for such services. Data from the British Columbia Health Surveillance Registry were used to estimate the career education needs of persons with mild, moderate, and severe and profound mental retardation. After analyzing the data, the researchers formulated a model of a comprehensive career education program for adults with varying degrees of mental retardation. Addressed in the model were the following program areas: recruitment and referral; student selection; life skills, work adjustment, and vocational skills training; job placement; job stabilization; and retraining. The study also resulted in the formulation of 14 policy recommendations pertaining to program priority areas, guidelines, funding, evaluation criteria, coordination, and articulation.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Programs, Articulation (Education), Career Education

Grant, James P. (1983). Accelerating Child Survival and Development in Dark Times. Measures were proposed that would enable UNICEF, in association with others and despite prevailing difficult economic circumstances, to more effectively bring well-being and hope to hundreds of millions of children. Specific proposals were designed to help most countries accelerate child survival and development. Most particularly, it was recognized that several elements of the basic services and primary health care strategy are ready for an extra thrust at this time. Attention focused on several basic problems responsible for the majority of children's deaths and on four simple approaches to be integrated with basic services and primary health care activities: growth surveillance of small children, oral rehydration therapy, breast-feeding and better weaning, and universal immunization. These techniques cost very little and are suited for tackling malnutrition-related infection, diarrhea, and six communicable diseases that take their heaviest toll among children. In addition, it was agreed that special attention should be given to family spacing and food supplements. If given necessary priority, the combination of improved techniques, recent acceptance of basic services and primary health care approaches, and the new capacity of social organizations for reaching low-income families could vastly improve health and save lives. Descriptors: Agency Role, Children, Developing Nations, Government Role

McCareins, Alicia; And Others (1981). An Exploratory Study of the Federal Impact on Principals. Final Report. The results of a survey, comments on the results, and an annotated bibliography are presented in this preliminary study of the impact of federal programs, mandates, and regulations on school principals. The survey involved interviewing 20 principals in urban, suburban, and small-town elementary and secondary schools in the Chicago area about federal programs' impact on their jobs and their reactions to this impact. The results indicated federal programs increased the principalship's complexity, by increasing the responsibility and pressure to conform to others' priorities without increasing power, authority, or staff resources; by decreasing autonomy; and by giving principals a sense of surveillance by a distant national government. Principals became in response either"affirmers" of the programs' worth, "ventilators" who expressed distress, "irritated" principals who were far more negative, or "presumably unaffected" principals who experienced less impact. The survey report includes a copy of the interview schedule. Comments on the survey and the research problem are by Dan C. Lortie, Van Cleve Morris, Hannah Meara, and Bruce R. Thomas. The annotated bibliography covers seven topics, including principal response to federal regulations, program implementation, legal issues, and principal job satisfaction.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Responsibility, Administrator Role, Annotated Bibliographies, Elementary Secondary Education

Black, Maggie, Ed. (1982). Food and Nutrition: The Most Basic Need of All, UNICEF News. Food and nutrition are the theme topics of this issue of UNICEF News. Giving special attention to Haiti and Zimbabwe, the first article inquires into reasons why agricultural, health, and nutrition programs have not eradicated malnutrition. Subsequent articles center on (1) facts concerning food and nutrition; (2) the diet of people living in a mountainous part of Swaziland; (3) agricultural, social, and dietary characteristics of a family residing in Thor, a village in Senegal; (4) what one nutrition surveillance program in Uganda could and could not accomplish; (5) aspects of life in Chil Won Li village in South Korea; (6) fish farming by farmers in the Central African Republic; (7) the Ilaw ng Buhay, a movement in the Philippines to counter child malnutrition; (8) the effectiveness of nutrition rehabilitation units and family life training centers in Kenya; (9) the role of Islamic religious leaders in Indonesia in promoting good nutrition; (10) the role of village health workers in combating child malnutrition in rural Thailand; (11) a drive to promote good nutrition on the Caribbean island of Dominica; (12) impressions of the war in Lebanon; (13) development education in Australia; and (14) an update of UNICEF activities. Descriptors: Developing Nations, Employment, Family Life, Females

Mattera, Gloria; And Others (1983). Alcohol Use among Migrant Laborers. Final Report. A 1982 study of alcohol use among migrant laborers in New York focuses on the extent of drinking among workers with different characteristics, to test the hypothesis that in camps composed primarily of family groups social control mechanisms will be more highly developed than in camps composed primarily of unattached men, and that this will be reflected in differences in drinking behavior. Interviews conducted with 217 Black and Haitian migrant agricultural workers in 13 camps in 4 upstate New York counties indicate that unattached, older, less-educated, lower-status Black men account for most of the heavy drinking in migrant camps, and that people travelling in family groups under the surveillance and control of kin report less frequent and less heavy drinking, and less trouble as a result. A consequence is that as more family groups leave migrant work, more migrants are unattached men, leading to increasing visibility of and concern about the problem of heavy alcohol use. The major recommendation is that recreational, social, and other activities be made available for migrant farmworkers, particularly on weekends and during "down" times, inclement weather, and evenings, as the heaviest drinking is during the weekend and other non-working times. The interview questionnaire and statistical tables are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Agricultural Laborers, Agricultural Trends, Blacks

Illinois State Council on Nutrition, Springfield. (1982). Illinois State Council on Nutrition Legislative Report 1982. Annual Report. The responsibilities of the Illinois State Council on Nutrition include studying and making recommendations concerning the following objectives: (1) introducing and developing information, subjects, and programs about nutrition for school curricula; (2) coordinating feeding programs for pre-school and school-age children, the elderly, and pregnant women; (3) compiling existing data on the nutritional status of Illinois citizens and continuous surveillance on those in rural and inner city areas; (4) discovering areas of nutritional deficiency and evaluating current feeding programs; (5) educating teachers for nutrition instruction; (6) utilizing available federal food programs and funds; and (7) making available programs for expectant and new mothers. This annual report lists nutrition awareness and education activities conducted under the aegis of the Council, including a newsletter and newspaper column, public service announcements, state fair exhibits, poster contests, "Golden Apple" Award, nutrition peer educators, Nutrition Month, internship program, conferences and council hearings, and interaction with state agencies and organizations. Members of working committees (Maternal and Infant Task Force; Child and Adolescent Task Force; Adult, Private Sector and Industry Task Force; Elderly and Low Income Task Force) are listed with descriptions of their goals and activities. The appendix contains reports, surveys, and projects referred to in the report. Descriptors: Eating Habits, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, Health Education

Michigan State Dept. of Public Health, Lansing. (1986). AIDS in Michigan: A Report to Gov. James J. Blanchard. This report presents information regarding the incidence, effects, programs, policies, and services pertaining to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in Michigan. A list of 55 recommendations concerning prevention and control, provider and institutional care, state government policy, and financing precedes sections detailing the current status and possible future impact of AIDS on these areas. The first section of this report is an overview which discusses incidence in Michigan and other areas, deaths from AIDS, high risk persons, treatment and effects of AIDS. A section on prevention and control discusses such activities as surveillance by public health agencies to collect accurate information about AIDS, education for the general public, and epidemic control measures.  The third section considers provider and institutional care issues centering around the availability of and access to medical and support services needed by AIDS patients and the educational and inservice training needs of health professionals. The Michigan state government policies and roles are addressed in the fourth section, including discussion of policy effects on state employees, contractors with the government, persons institutionalized in state facilities, the general population, and AIDS patients. The cost of AIDS-related activities and recommended levels of state financial support are discussed in the final section. Appendices contain a glossary, lists of committee participants, and selected references.   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Communicable Diseases, Disease Control, Disease Incidence

Gibson, Dirk (1981). Hale Boggs on J. Edgar Hoover: Rhetorical Choice and Political Denunciation. This paper examines United States Representative Hale Boggs's 1971 speech on the House floor, in which he denounced J. Edgar Hoover and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for wiretapping members of Congress and infiltrating campus student groups. Following an introduction to the objectives of the paper, the first section reviews Boggs's academic and political career, giving some insight into his personality. The second part discusses the nature of Boggs's 1971 speech and the accuracy of the charges he leveled against Hoover and the FBI. The third part of the paper examines Boggs's motives for denouncing Hoover, speculating as to whether he personally had become a victim of the FBI surveillance that he had denounced and elaborating on Boggs's feelings toward Hoover. In the fourth part, the paper describes the reactions of the House and Senate and of Mr. Hoover to Boggs's allegations. The paper concludes that the object of Boggs's speech was to stir Congress to investigate the FBI in protection of the Bill of Rights, and that the brief but intense rhetoric of his speech was successful. Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Persuasive Discourse, Rhetoric, Speech Communication

Marker, Gerald W. (1987). Science, Technology, and the Constitution: A Never Ending Tension. The uses of modern technology present a challenge to constitutional rights. Computer technology is viewed as a serious threat to privacy, electronic bugging devices are available to everyone, and the United States government is the largest user of electronic surveillance. The fact that databases are pervasive is evidenced by the realization that the U.S. government has three billion personal computer files that are sources of potential exploitation. Is it possible for the 200-year-old U.S. Constitution to adapt to the new technology? Can courts and laws change rapidly enough to protect citizens from what is now technologically possible? A social studies lesson plan presents three issues for classroom use: (1) changes in technology are accompanied by changes in the social institutions; (2) technology makes possible new threats to basic freedoms; and (3) there is constant tension between what technology makes possible and what should be allowed when more than one basic freedom is threatened. Suggestions are provided for classroom activities that encourage discussion of the social implications of technological change.   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Confidential Records, Constitutional History, Discussion (Teaching Technique)

Biro, Patricia J.; Bell, Michelle A. (1987). Washington State High Priority Infant Tracking Project. Pilot Project Update, October 1982 to April 1987. Results are reported of a pilot study to determine the effectiveness of a tracking program to maintain high risk infants in continuing health care, determine health and developmental outcomes, and survey the use of community resources in this population. Subjects were 766 infants from six participating hospitals in two Washington counties, one of which participated in the study for 4 years, the other for 3. Infants were identified within the first 30 days of life according to 17 criteria incorporating medical, social, and environmental risk factors, and 78 percent of infants identified were enrolled in the project. Both counties have maintained greater than 85 percent of the high priority infants identified and enrolled in ongoing health care and developmental surveillance. The largest group had low birthweights, and the majority presented more than one eligible criterion. Medical problems identified at 3, 6, and 12 months were predictive of later medical problems. The local health department was the most frequently reported community resource used. Tentative conclusions indicate that an organized, systematic tracking program can keep high priority infants in ongoing primary health care and assure timely identification and referral for further evaluation of potential health and developmental problems. Descriptors: Birth Weight, Community Health Services, Delivery Systems, Developmental Disabilities

Biro, Patricia J.; And Others (1986). High Priority Infant Tracking Project. Final Report. The study compared the effectiveness of the Washington State High Priority Infant Tracking Project in maintaining high risk infants in continuing health care, determining health and developmental outcomes, and surveying the use of community resources with other state tracking projects. The project identifies infants during the first 30 days of life according to 17 criteria incorporating medical, social, and environmental risk factors. Data is collected on infants at 3, 6, 18, 24, and 36 months of age via a questionnaire administered to the primary care provider. More than 85% of the high priority infants identified and enrolled have been maintained in ongoing health care and developmental surveillance. The largest groups of high priority infants had low birthweights. Medical problems identified at 3 and 6 months were predictive of later medical problems. Developmental problems identified at 6 months were predictive of later developmental problems. A significant relationship between early health problems and later developmental problems was identified. The overall incidence of health problems in the sample population was 40% and of developmental problems was 20%. A literature review demonstrating the need for such a tracking program precedes the study. Project evaluation results, minutes of a State Advisory Committee meeting at which the project was reviewed, and a transcript of the project procedures manual conclude the document. Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Disabilities, Health Services, High Risk Persons

Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD. (1980). Rural Health in the People's Republic of China; Report of a Visit by the Rural Health Systems Delegation, June 1978. A 28-day visit to the People's Republic of China during June and July 1978 by the Rural Health Systems Delegation from the United States, sponsored by the Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China, resulted in an exchange of information about rural health policy and planning. Specific areas of emphasis included: common disease patterns; community health; financing of medical care; ambulatory and hospital care; barefoot and traditional doctors; traditional medicine; training and education of nurses and doctors; surveillance and antiepidemic work; birth planning, diffusion of health and birth planning innovations; and mental illness. Achievements noted were preventive work and antiepidemic services. However, medical records and statistics lacked standardization. Barefoot doctors, paraprofessionals with varied but limited medical training who perform certain health duties, evoked mixed reactions. Blending the old and traditional methods with new and scientific medical techniques produced puzzling aspects. Practitioners of traditional medicine seemed to accept biomedical orientations of Western medicine, yet often employed contradictory approaches. Generally, China was judged as achieving a momentous triumph in caring for its vast rural population. Appendices give the itinerary and hosts in China, contents of medical kits of barefoot doctors, and sample medical forms.   [More]  Descriptors: Allied Health Personnel, Community Health Services, Cultural Exchange, Family Planning

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