Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 76 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Ross R. Vickers, Inc. National Migrant Resource Program, Marcella Z. Davis, Troy L. Armstrong, Jeffrey Leiter, Clarence Robert Tyson, Terry Sanford, Terry L. Conway, Herbert L. Needleman, and Washington Institute of Medicine (NAS).

Vickers, Ross R., Jr.; Conway, Terry L. (1984). Changes in Perceived Locus of Control during Basic Training. Basic Training (BT) is designed to prepare recruits for their new role as members of the military. The psychological effects of this experience can have important implications for recruits' later effectiveness in the military. Locus of control is one psychological construct which can be important for overall psychological and behavioral adaptation and which also might change as a result of BT experiences. To evaluate the effects of BT on locus of control perceptions, Levenson's Internal, Powerful Others, and Chance control scales were administered to 256 Marine recruits prior to and at the end of BT. The results revealed that following BT the Powerful Others score increased signficantly from 3.8 to 4.1 and the Internal Control score decreased significantly from 5.5 to 5.3. Chance control showed a consistent but nonsignificant decrease from 3.7 to about 3.5. The increase in Powerful Others score correlated with the recruits' perceptions of punishment and surveillance. The decrease in Internal Control score correlated with the recruits' perceptions of leadership and group support. These findings may improve understanding of locus of control issues and assist those involved in the design of BT programs. (Tables are included which list hypotheses tested and which define the social-environmental perceptions examined.)   [More]  Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attribution Theory, Enlisted Personnel, Individual Power

Sanford, Terry (1986). Bassett to Kemp: Academic Freedom Today. The Eighth Earl V. Pullias Lecture in Higher and Postsecondary Education, 1986. The background on academic freedom in the United States and the current situation are discussed by former North Carolina Governor and Duke University President Terry Sanford. Academic freedom had not been established in the United States even as late as the beginning of the 20th century. In fact, the meaning of academic freedom or faculty rights was not clearly understood as the century turned. Three case studies are recounted: (1) John Spencer Bassett, a history professor at Duke, then Trinity College, who wrote an article in 1903 about the treatment of blacks; (2) Edward A. Ross, a faculty member at Stanford University in 1900 who defended Eugene V. Debs' actions/words; and (3) Jan Kemp, a professor at the University of Georgia in 1983 who taught remedial programs to athletes and who spoke out on corruption in the program. Today there is a trend toward: government regulation of scholarly activities, disruption and harassment of controversial speakers on campus, proposed surveillance of professors, and continuing college violations of academic freedom. It is suggested that faculty members have a duty, not just a right, to pursue controversial and untried propositions. Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Case Studies, Censorship, College Faculty

Leiter, Jeffrey (1978). Environmental Pressure and School Organizational Structures. This paper examines effects of pressure from the community and teachers' organization on interaction patterns or structures within schools, specifically on normative consensus, upward communication, and facilitative dependence. These structures help determine the extent of cooperation and support teachers receive. Questionnaire data from virtually all administrators and 253 teachers in a stratified random sample of 34 junior high and middle schools are used for a school-level correlation analysis. Community pressure generally disrupts the structures of cooperation, but at severe levels of intrusion into the school, the effect may be reversed as administrators and teachers close ranks against the community. Teacher organization pressure increases consensus among teachers but decreases it between faculty and principal and between principal and superintendent. Such pressure reduces the receptivity of the principal to teacher ideas (in their eyes, at least), although enhancing his actual knowledge of teacher concerns. Finally, teacher organization activity at the district level makes it harder for school personnel to help one another. These findings are interpreted in the light of changes in school-environmental relations, wherein community delegation of authority to professionals is giving way to community surveillance and influence in the schools.   [More]  Descriptors: Community Attitudes, Cooperation, Correlation, Environmental Influences

Needleman, Herbert L. (1992). The Poisoning of America's Children: Lead Exposure, Children's Brains, and the Ability To Learn. National Health/Education Consortium Occasional Paper #6. Despite years of concern about the toxic effects of high lead exposure and recent knowledge about the less apparent effects of exposure to low doses of lead, a total of 3 to 4 million children in the United States are still being exposed to concentrations of lead that could compromise their cognitive and social development. This paper discusses: (1) the long-term consequences of early exposure to lead; (2) prenatal exposure to lead; (3) definitions of a toxic dose of lead; and (4) reasons why little is being done to control lead exposure. In discussing the long-term effects of lead exposure, the report examines behavioral problems that often occur in children with exposures to low levels of lead and that may lead to children's failure in school. Data examined indicate that lead exposure is greater than average in groups in which subnormal intelligence, attention disorders, and behavior problems are found at higher than average rates; and that half of the black children living in poverty have elevated blood lead levels. Steps in a plan to prevent childhood lead poisoning, announced by the Centers for Disease Control in 1991, include an increase in the number of childhood lead poisoning prevention programs, effective abatement of leaded homes, and a national surveillance effort. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Disorders, Child Development, Child Health

Pope, Andrew M., Ed.; Tarlov, Alvin R., Ed. (1991). Disability in America: Toward a National Agenda for Prevention. This report focuses on preventing potentially disabling conditions from developing into disabilities and on minimizing the effects of such conditions on a person's productivity and quality of life. It describes disability as a social and public health issue and not just a physical condition. The report begins with an executive summary, an introduction which discusses prevention issues in general and defines concepts, and a list of 27 recommendations. Subsequent chapters discuss: (1) the magnitude and dimensions of disability in the United States; (2) a conceptual approach to disability prevention and use of the tools and principles of epidemiology; (3) major areas of disability (developmental disabilities, injury-related disabilities, chronic diseases and aging, and secondary conditions associated with primary disabling conditions); (4) government and private sector programs concerned with disability prevention; and (5) conclusions and recommendations in the areas of a national program for the prevention of disability, surveillance, research, access to care and preventive services, and professional and public education. Appendixes contain a paper by Saad Z. Nagi titled "Disability Concepts Revisited: Implications for Prevention"; a statement of one committee member dissenting from this majority report of the Committee on a National Agenda for the Prevention of Disabilities; a response to the dissenting statement by committee members; and committee biographies. (Approximately 375 references)   [More]  Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Aging (Individuals), Chronic Illness, Developmental Disabilities

Altschuler, David M.; Armstrong, Troy L. (1994). Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk Juveniles: A Community Care Model. Program Summary. Crowded juvenile correctional centers, escalating costs of confinement, and high rates of recidivism have renewed interest in bringing innovative ideas to juvenile aftercare philosophy, practice, and programming. This program summary details an Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention initiative designed to assist public and private corrections agencies in developing and implementing effective aftercare approaches for chronic juvenile offenders who initially require secure confinement. This manual tries to provide the reader with a clear sense of how program elements and components are structured and how they function. Underlying principles offer a sufficient, sound, and understandable "blueprint" from which program design can proceed. The Intensive Aftercare Program (IAP) was designed to address: (1) identified, need-related risk factors associated with reoffending juveniles; (2) the set of ancillary program services that focus on other needs and problems of high-risk juvenile parolees; and (3) surveillance and monitoring objectives. With it, the juvenile justice system can begin to confront multifaceted circumstances part of the dynamics of recidivism. The theory-driven, empirically based IAP model is designed to: provide public protection; operate with limited resources; and be tailored to different jurisdictions that are trying to confront, hold accountable, and treat their own high risk parolees.   [More]  Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Correctional Education, Correctional Rehabilitation, Delinquency

Bissell, Barbara K.; And Others (1987). AIDS Prevention Education Project, Grades 4-8. A curriculum guide for an Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) prevention education program for grades 4-8 is presented in this document. The purpose of these materials is to serve as a resource to encourage and facilitate AIDS education in order to prevent the disease. It is recommended that this AIDS program be taught as part of the human growth and development curriculum and that AIDS be addressed as a health issue. Guidelines for direct and sensitive teaching in human sexuality which is necessary for AIDS education are provided. Civil rights issues surrounding AIDS and the economic impact of AIDS are described. These four objectives of the AIDS education program are presented with relevant teacher materials, work sheets, fact sheets, and activity descriptions: (1) individual responsibility for prevention; (2) basic information about communicable disease; (3) basic information about AIDS; and (4) reducing or eliminating risk of AIDS. Appendices include the education code relating to human sexuality education, AIDS surveillance reports, references and resources, audio-visual resources, and print materials. Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Elementary School Students, Health Education, Intermediate Grades

Davis, Marcella Z., Ed.; And Others (1975). Nurses in Practice: A Perspective on Work Environments. A major portion of the collection of 20 readings authored by practicing professionals consists of field observations presented both as raw data (field notes) and as analyzed and organized data. About the work of nurses in a variety of settings, a recurrent theme is that work behavior is greatly influenced by organizational and structural elements in each place of work, as well as by social and cultural features in the society at large. Part 1, Inside the Hospital, includes the following sections: the head nurse, two perennial problems (death, pain), some special wards (managerial agent versus therapist role, mental illness and the tuberculosis patient, intensive care, the premature nursery, and the pediatric ward), the emergency room (health care system, a student's perceptions, and value transmission to student), and the guest role of nurse educators in health agency settings. Part 2, Outside the Hospital, covers: the development of a community clinic by two nurses, the nurse as leader in the Lamaze experience, surveillance in long-term illness, aspects of public health work, dying at home, the work of the visiting nurse, and social isolation and strategies for managing life in chronic illness. Each chapter concludes with discussion questions. Descriptors: Anthologies, Case Studies, Community Health Services, Cultural Influences

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR. (1982). Low Voltage Alarm Apprenticeship. Related Training Modules. 7.1-26.10 Alarm Basics. This packet of 70 learning modules on alarm basics is 1 of 8 such packets developed for apprenticeship training for low voltage alarm. Introductory materials are a complete listing of all available modules and a supplementary reference list. Each module contains some or all of these components: goal, performance indicators, study guide (a check list of steps the student should complete), a vocabulary list, an introduction information sheets, assignment sheets, job sheet, self-assessment, self-assessment answers, post-assessment, instructor post-assessment answers, and a list of supplementary references. Supplementary reference material may be provided. The 70 training modules cover theory of diodes, bi-polar devices, and integrated circuits; binary numbering systems; logic gates; dialers; blueprint reading; building materials and symbols; design of alarm systems; types and applications of alarm systems; hand and power tools; types and applications of detectors; trade terms; types and applications of sensors; annunciators; detection devices; contacts; key stations; red tape procedures; builder board requirements; licensing; central stations; fire and police department monitoring; fire, police, emergency responses; card key and vehicular access control; business letters; video surveillance systems; and closed circuit television.   [More]  Descriptors: Alarm Systems, Apprenticeships, Autoinstructional Aids, Behavioral Objectives

Tyson, Clarence Robert (1974). The Development of Hometown Plans for Increasing Minority Employment in the Construction Industry of Selected U. S. Cities. The study analyzes the development and implementation of hometown plans in the construction industry, focusing on the efficacy of hometown negotiations in establishing new rules and institutional arrangements regarding minority hiring and training in area-wide construction systems. The procedures include analysis of published data and data collection through field interviews. The principle research findings are reported under four categories: the incidence of hometown plans; the conduct and process of hometown negotiations; the substance of hometown agreements; and the implementation of hometown solutions. The most important implications suggested by the research relate to policy, practice, and program efforts: (1) the faith of planners is discouraged by what they see as inconsistent Federal policy, sporadic enforcement, and lack of local support; (2) the promise of increased minority employment (on a continuing basis) is unrealistic without adequate training programs, followup, and Federal surveillance (with sanctions); and (3) efforts are hampered by a lack of helpful labor-market data at a local level and by a proliferation of agencies and programs. The report includes a particular model of hometown bargaining which attempts to explain the processes involved. Field interviews were conducted in Kansas City, Rochester, New Orleans, and Oakland.   [More]  Descriptors: Change Strategies, Collective Bargaining, Community Relations, Construction Industry

Palmeri, Anthony J. (1994). Teaching Rhetorical Studies: Dramatism as Liberator and Oppressor. Kenneth Burke's Dramatism, as a "meta-perspective," encourages a liberating awareness of the shortcomings of all rhetorics by upholding a "comic frame" that exhorts commitment without dogmatism, tolerance without uncritical relativism. Teachers of rhetoric can use a liberating comic frame that acknowledges the recalcitrance of the "real world," since it mediates between uncritical dogmatism and uncritical relativism. However, Dramatism can be oppressive if it is conceived of in terms of the "insight" it offers. In those terms, Dramatism is like a bank surveillance camera that "watches" and "points out" the oppressive transaction but is ill-suited to act to do something about it. An instructor worked with students at the University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, on ways of transforming the "bank" into a democratic space. Students set up a "grassroots" discussion group, which evolved into an alternative campus newspaper dedicated to the promotion of a democratic voice for the expression of alternative and historically marginalized voices. (Contains 17 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Higher Education, Rhetoric, Student Publications

Thomas, James E., Ed. (1982). Introduction to Retail Security. This collection consists of 15 articles dealing with retail security. Included in the volume are the following papers: "Retail Security–an Introduction," by Andrew J. Thacker and Linda Cressman; "Systematic Planning and Retail Security," by Linda T. Thomas; "Identifying Potentially Dishonest Employees," by James E. Thomas; "Methods of Employee Theft," by C. Carolyn Troegar; "Cashier Theft," by James E. Thomas; "Vendor Theft," by James Izzo and George Crawley; "Surveillance, Apprehension, and Interviewing Shoplifters," by James E. Thomas; "Shoplifting Methods," by Leonard Roberts; "Security Hardware," by Steve Caton and Andrew J. Thacker; "Stock Shortage and Control," by Carolyn Troegar; "Retail Safety," by Katherine Winters; "Computer Fraud," by Andrew J. Thacker and Debra Southward; "Check Fraud and Credit Card Fraud," by Leonard Roberts; "Armed Robbery and Burglary," by Sondra Dudenhefer; and "Drug Abuse and Security," by Jason D. Baron, M.D. and James E. Thomas. A series of review questions follows each article. Descriptors: Alarm Systems, Credit Cards, Crime, Crime Prevention

National Migrant Resource Program, Inc., Austin, TX. (1990). Migrant and Seasonal Farmworker Health Objectives for the Year 2000. Document in Progress. Compared to the U.S. population, migrant farmworkers have a low life expectancy, high infant mortality rate, and high incidence of malnutrition and parasitic infection. Drawing on Public Health Service health objectives for the nation, this document proposes farmworker-specific objectives for a health promotion and disease prevention agenda. While recognizing that funding is not currently available to pursue all the objectives, this plan aims to promote acceptance of a common work plan and provide a frame of reference for interagency collaboration. Recommendations focusing on improved health status, reduced risk factors, increased public and professional awareness, and improved services are provided for each of the 15 objectives: (1) reduce alcohol and other drug abuse; (2) improve nutrition; (3) improve mental health and prevent mental illness; (4) reduce environmental health hazards; (5) improve occupational safety and health; (6) prevent and control unintentional injuries; (7) reduce violent and abusive behavior; (8) prevent and control HIV infection and AIDS; (9) immunize against and control infectious diseases; (10) improve maternal and infant health; (11) improve oral health; (12) reduce adolescent pregnancy and improve reproductive health; (13) prevent, detect, and control chronic diseases and other health disorders; (14) improve health education and access to preventive health services; and (15) improve surveillance and data systems.   [More]  Descriptors: Health Promotion, Long Range Planning, Mental Health, Migrant Health Services

Institute of Medicine (NAS), Washington, DC. (1986). Confronting AIDS. Directions for Public Health, Health Care, and Research. This book is addressed to anyone involved with or affected by the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, including legislators, researchers, health care personnel, insurance providers, educators, health officials, executives in the pharmaceutical industry, blood bank administrators, and other concerned individuals. The following areas are covered: (1) confronting AIDS: summary and recommendations; (2) understanding of the disease and dimensions of the epidemic; (3) the future course of the epidemic and available national resources; (4) opportunities for altering the course of the epidemic; (5) care of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); (6) future research needs; and (7) international aspect of AIDS and HIV infection. Appendices include information on: (1) clinical manifestations of HIV infection; (2) serologic and virologic testing; (3) risk of HIV transmission from blood transfusion; (4) U.S. public and private sector resources for fighting AIDS; (5) the Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) surveillance definition of AIDS; (6) CDC classification system for HIV infections; (7) Public Health Service plan for prevention and control of AIDS and the AIDS virus; (8) list of background papers; (9) list of presentations at public meetings; (10) acknowledgments; and (11) biographical notes on committee members. A glossary of terms is included. Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Disease Control, Disease Incidence, Epidemiology

Ofsanko, Frank (1988). Current Legal I-O Issues. This report focuses on a myriad of national, state, and local laws, regulations and court decisions which govern the everyday work of industrial and organizational psychologists. Legislation already in effect and legislation still pending are discussed. Citing relevant legislation and court decisions throughout the text, the paper addresses such issues as equal opportunity employment, validity generalization and test transportability, testing policies for employment and education, confidentiality and demands for privacy, drug testing and proper drug testing procedures, polygraph testing, computerized personality test results and interpretation, individual and employee rights, participative decision-making, informing employees of safety or health hazards in the workplace, employee protection from such hazards, how employers should deal with employees having acquired immune deficiency syndrome and other contagious diseases, definitions of various handicaps and handicapped workers, job stress, worker's compensation, alcoholism and chemical dependency, compulsive gambling, workforce illiteracy, comparable worth and equal pay, aging workers, genetic screening, smoking, and sexual harassment. Workplace surveillance, via telephone and electronic equipment, is also discussed. Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), Court Litigation, Federal Legislation, Industrial Psychology

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