Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 77 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblower Defense website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Donald J. Stedman, Jack P. Shonkoff, Franz Rauch, Thomas A. Parker, Cris Shore, M. Chauliac, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, A. M. Masse-Raimbault, Rockville Public Health Service (DHHS), and Richard Bates.

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. (1989). Management of Chronic Infectious Diseases in School Children. Revised Edition. This manual contains current guidelines for Illinois school personnel to follow when working with children who have infectious diseases. The first chapter focuses on school district development of policies and procedures and program implementation. The next chapter provides information on characteristics, mode of transmission, prevention, and classroom implications for the following infectious diseases: congenital rubella syndrome, hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus infections, herpes simplex, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-related illnesses. Chapter 3 provides guidelines on: (1) establishing infectious disease prevention procedures; (2) maintaining a safe, healthful school environment; (3) cleaning up body fluid spills; (4) maintaining a clean school environment; (5) special procedures for early childhood, day care, and special classroom settings; and (6) selecting an appropriate disinfectant and sanitizer. Appendix A provides two sample policies on infectious disease. Appendix B offers an AIDS case definition for surveillance purposes with three supplements providing information on laboratory evidence for or against HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infections, definitive diagnostic methods for diseases indicative of AIDS, and suggested guidelines for presumptive diagnoses of diseases indicative of AIDS. Appendix C gives a classification system for HIV infections, appendix D a glossary of 14 terms, and appendix E a bibliography of 22 items.   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Communicable Diseases, Elementary Secondary Education, Policy Formation

Shore, Cris; Roberts, Stephen (1993). Higher Education and the Panopticon Paradigm: Quality Assessment as "Disciplinary Technology.". This paper explores the function and effects of recent government reform of higher education in the United Kingdom particularly on quality assurance and quality assessment. The reforms have aimed to make institutions more akin to business and have used the language and techniques of "management." It is argued, in agreement with Michel Foucault, that Jeremy Bentham's panopticon prison provides an instructive model. In a panopticon, a tower is situated at the center of a courtyard surrounded by buildings of cells with each cell window under direct scrutiny of the tower and each inmate visible to the surveillant alone. The cells are theaters in which each actor is alone, individualized and constantly visible. It is further argued that such a prison is a model for understanding the new management practices in higher education and how these function to control, classify and contain teachers. Thus, quality control exercises actually lead to a lowering of academic standards. The paper also argues that current education policy can be usefully analyzed in terms of discourses of power and their relation to systems of control and bureaucratic surveillance and that current policy has been constructed in accordance with a political agenda for social control and ideological reordering with devastating consequences for intellectual freedom and student learning. (Contains 15 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Freedom, College Administration, College Faculty, Educational Assessment

Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD. (1991). Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives and Full Report, with Commentary. This report has been published in two volumes (combined here). Volume One (162 pages) is a summary report, repeating part 1 of the complete report, selected appendices, and the index to the list of objectives. Volume Two (700 pages) is the complete report, including all appendices. This report provides a strategy for significantly improving the health of the nation during the 1990s. The document identifies 300 specific health objectives in 22 priority areas such as fitness, nutrition, tobacco, maternal and infant health, cancer, cardiovascular disease, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), immunization, and environmental health. It also focuses on high-risk populations and age groups. The report is divided into 2 parts: Part 1, entitled "Healthy People 2000," contains 6 sections (an introduction, age groups, special populations, goals for the nation, priorities for health promotion and disease prevention, and shared resposibilities) and 3 appendixes (lists of objectives, contributors, and lead agencies); Part 2, "National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives," contains 6 sections (health promotion, health protection, preventive services, surveillance and data systems, age-related objectives, and special population objectives) and appendixes on mortality objectives and recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services task force. Educators can choose from the objectives to address their highest health priorities for children. Some examples of education related goals are: children's health; child development; and developmental problems.   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Adolescent Development, Alcohol Education, Child Development

Parker, Thomas A. (1988). Study on Integrated Pest Management for Libraries and Archives. This study addresses the problems caused by the major insect and rodent pests and molds and mildews in libraries and archives; the damage they do to collections; and techniques for their prevention and control. Guidelines are also provided for the development and initiation of an Integrated Pest Management program for facilities housing library and archival materials. Topics discussed include the following: (1) perspectives on pest management in libraries and archives; (2) hazards of these pests; (3) health concerns arising from pesticide use in buildings; (4) management responsibility for an effective, safe program; (5) the habits and life histories of the major pests (i.e., silverfish, firebrats, "bookworms," cockroaches, psocids or booklice, carpet beetles, clothes moths, termites, mice, rats, molds and mildew); (6) recognition of damage caused by each of these pests; (7) management and control of the pests; (8) the application of integrated pest management to library and archive situations; and (9) surveillance of the program. Final observations on costs and benefits conclude the report, and the 30 illustrations included in the narrative are listed. (27 references)   [More]  Descriptors: Archives, Cost Effectiveness, Equipment, Libraries

Yates, Lyn (1991). A Tale Full of Sound and Fury–Signifying What? Feminism and Curriculum Policy in Australia. The last 2 decades of curriculum policy in Australia are reviewed in this paper, with a focus on reforms concerned with females and schooling. Two general areas are examined: (1) the theoretical relationship between state power and feminist concerns about schooling; and (2) the progressive direction for schooling. The first section compares two policy frameworks of the mid-1970s and late 1980s, and the second part examines ways in which feminist demands in education are being integrated within Australian state policy. Three themes concerning the state and feminist action are discussed. First, state policy in liberal-democratic societies will continue to modify challenges to power, due to the inherently exclusive nature of conflicting discourse. Second, the state has used feminist discourse to increase funding of engineering, science, and technology. The field of gender and education is viewed by the government as a problem of women of nontraditional careers. Third, the commitment to equal education has been used to increase centralization of the school system, leading to more control, regulation, and surveillance. Conclusions are that a commitment to different forms of knowledge is in itself a universalizing framework and that vigorous critical engagement with equal education opportunity policies continues to be important. (54 references)   [More]  Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Curriculum Enrichment, Elementary Secondary Education, Females

Shonkoff, Jack P. (1992). Health Care Policy and Part H Services: Early Intervention as a Concept (Not a Separate Program). This paper argues that there is a critical need to reframe the fundamental policy questions which fragment early childhood intervention services and health care, in order to construct an integrated system of comprehensive services that includes basic health care and developmental support for all children and their families and that provides appropriate educational/therapeutic services for those with special needs. The core principles and goals of Part H of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act should be incorporated into a universal system of health supervision, developmental facilitation, and family support. This approach requires: a more sophisticated approach to systematic screening for early identification and management of disability; major changes in medical training; a commitment to a joint agenda by the health care and early intervention professional communities; and a collaborative process of parent and professional monitoring and managing over time. The paper defines the essential features of pediatric health supervision, the goals of developmental and behavioral surveillance, and the principles of early childhood intervention. (Contains 17 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Child Development, Child Health, Delivery Systems

Bates, Richard (1992). Barely Competent: Against the Deskilling of the Professions via the Cult of Competence. The competency movement, or "the cult of competency," is critiqued in this paper, which argues that the movement is less concerned with the complex facets of competence than it is with a technology of specific knowledge and application. Educational institutions have several message systems through which objectives can be achieved: pedagogy, curriculum, assessment, and social discipline. The culture of competency is a current mechanism through which certain changes in the education professions are being advocated. However, the culture of competency is not an educational or professional movement, but a managerial movement resulting from industrial and economic panic. The goals are not broad educational goals that incorporate the diversity of social institutions such as the professions, but the systemization and subordination of those agencies. Three major objectives of the competency movement include the convergence of general and vocational education, a focus on performance rather than knowledge, and the enhancement of efficiency and productivity through the elimination of waste. The movement's likely effects on the four message systems include a redefinition of students and professionals as workers; a standardized, nonnegotiable curriculum; assessment based on measurable, technical outcomes; and the extension of surveillance mechanisms linked to economic models. Constraining the open-ended nature of professional activity may well produce the very opposite of what is wanted–not true competence, but a competency-based system in which professionals operate at the basic skill level.   [More]  Descriptors: Competence, Competency Based Education, Competency Based Teacher Education, Educational Objectives

Biott, Colin; Rauch, Franz (1997). School Leadership in Changing Times; Coping Creatively with Power and Accomplishing an Acceptable Self Identity. Headteachers in the United Kingdom face the challenge of acting as both the main strategic planner for the whole school and as the leading professional practitioner within it. This paper describes how general changes in the occupational characteristics of school headteachers have been contingently interpreted in a large urban primary school in England. It relates how one headteacher attempted to balance an urgent requirement to prepare the school for inspection with her long-term aim to facilitate individual staff contributions to school development. Data, obtained between November 1995 and April 1996, were gathered through document review; observation; and interviews with the headteacher, deputy headteacher, eight teachers, other school staff, a member of the governing board, and an external consultant. The paper describes how the headteacher's main concerns involved the tensions within the following functions: (1) being both a manager of teachers and a fellow teacher; (2) engaging in both surveillance and professional communication; (3) responding to both individuals' professional development needs and those of the staff as a whole; (4) seeking external affirmation and avoiding external threat; (5) encouraging participation and determining outcomes; and (6) controlling decision making and encouraging teacher contributions. The paper offers two examples of how the headteacher creatively coped with the pressures of headship: first, to transform external regulation into a resource and to enhance her control, and second, to accomplish an acceptable self-identity in constrained circumstances. (Contains 23 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Role, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Instructional Leadership

Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane (1997). Mental Health Services for Children and Adolescents. This article reviews the progress made in meeting United States' existing mental health goals for adolescents, and identifies issues that will have to be considered in setting new goals. The article examines the substantial need for child mental health services, particularly among young, socioeconomically disadvantaged youth. The unmet need for services is also described within the framework of children involved in various social service systems. To assist in the delivery of mental health services, a theoretical model guiding emerging policy is described, which addresses access, managed care, sector shifting, ethnic patterns, child and family factors, quality of care, service integration, and outcomes. Finally, recommendations are offered for improving the targeted goals for Healthy People 2010 in the following three areas: (1) improve the transfer of technology for delivering psychotherapeutic interventions in community-based settings; (2) question the current models of delivering psychotherapy by practitioners who are generalists; and (3) examine alternative financing structures for the delivery of care within primary health care, education, and other sectors. Three strategies for setting goals are suggested: (1) set goals for communities rather than at national levels; (2) set up a national surveillance system to monitor implementation on an annual basis; and (3) establish an incentive system. Contains approximately 150 references. Descriptors: Adolescents, Change Strategies, Child Health, Child Psychology

Bates, Richard (1995). A Socially Critical Perspective on Educational Leadership. This paper takes the point of view that the mechanisms of demolition are those of economic rationalism: globalization, marketization, deregulation, competition, and privatization. The growing concern of government with economies, markets, and money carries over to education and other institutions. Currently in Australia, devolution is interpreted in terms of a centralized authority that determines the allocation of resources and policy formation; accountability or how to meet prescribed outcomes is the responsibility of local bodies. Devolution has placed education at the service of industrial production and markets, and facilitated the movement to transformative leadership (in which leaders are required to reshape corporate culture and carry workers along with the vision). The logic of the market corrodes traditional educational commitments, which are based on important cultural and social understandings, as well as the production of skills and useful knowledge. Economic rationalism increases competition among schools, undermines social solidarity among educators, increases collegial surveillance, intensifies teachers' work, raises the pressure for accountability, and makes principals act as managers of resources. It is important to abandon the sterile texts of scientific management, recognize the ideological and value-laden nature of leadership, and reconstitute an administration that is both democratic and truly educational. (Contains 40 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Decentralization, Economic Development, Economic Impact, Educational Administration

Ireys, Henry T. (1995). Blueprint for a Needs Assessment: Contributing to a System of Care for Children with Special Needs & Their Families. A Technical Resource Brief. Designed to guide and structure the needs assessment of Pennsylvania children with special health care needs, this document describes six specific steps in planning and conducting a needs assessment. The steps include: (1) stating the goals of the needs assessment, including fulfilling legislative mandates, identifying geographical areas that have few medical resources, identifying perceived unmet needs of families, providing guidance for new service programs, providing a rationale for reallocating service monies, justifying politically expedient decisions, or helping to establish an agenda for action; (2) defining the population vs. defining the focus of the needs assessment; (3) deciding whose needs are being assessed; (4) defining sufficient representativeness of the needs assessment and including subgroups that represent points along a continuum based on biological severity, need for services, or social urgency; (5) synthesizing existing and/or collecting new information through reviewing existing reports and/or surveillance systems to determine what already exists, gathering expert testimony from parents or professionals, holding focus groups or panels, or implementing systematic surveys; and (6) developing and disseminating reports. For each step, key decision points are identified and recommendations are made based on previous experiences of other states and localities. (Contains 13 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Children, Data Collection, Decision Making, Disabilities

Barbatsis, Gretchen S. (1982). The Real-Life-Referent as a Standard for News Perspective Bias. The concept of news perspective bias necessitates the creation of an empirical standard by which to judge that bias. A study defined and tested a real life referent applicable to planned, sustained news events that have identifiable and accessible participants. The study compared the television news coverage of court ordered busing to achieve racial integration in the public school system of a large midwestern city with the perceptions of the students involved. News content came from the local affiliates of the three commercial television networks, and referent content came from students in a video communication project who were taught to use video equipment and then told to prepare tapes about their experience with the busing. Content categories were developed from both sets of tapes, and the kind and degree of bias was determined by comparing the newscasts to the students' material. Specific results obtained from this data are less important for themselves than for their implications for the concept of the real life referent. Although more difficult to apply than to advocate, the real life referent does directly address important issues of surveillance. Descriptors: Bias, Mass Media Effects, News Reporting, Research Methodology

Chauliac, M.; Masse-Raimbault, A. M. (1985). Women's Lives, Mothers' Health. Children in the Tropics No. 159, Children in the Tropics. Part of a program of publications concerning the status and advancement of women coordinated in four journals by the Group for Initiatives on Women and Development, this issue of "Children in the Tropics" focuses on mothers' health. Section I describes factors conditioning the health and nutritional status of women and girls. Discussion centers on life expectancy at birth, maternal mortality rate, and birth rate. Section II focuses on aspects of maternal and child health, including nutritional requirements of pregnant and lactating women; weight gain during pregnancy; mothers' age, number of children, and interbirth interval; maternal nutritional status, breast-feeding, and interbirth interval; anemia; work and women's health; pregnancy in adolescents; abortion; the growth of girl children, starting in the intrauterine period, and their ability to bring pregnancies to term when they reach childbearing age; and sexual mutilations. Section III briefly reports actions aimed at improving women's health in the areas of education, surveillance of pregnant women, food supplementation, planned parenthood, appropriate technology, and legislation. In conclusion, health problems facing rural women are pointed out. Numerous tables and graphs are provided. Descriptors: Adolescents, Birth Rate, Developed Nations, Developing Nations

Skopec, Eric Wm. (1984). Rhetorical Consequences of the Computer Society: Expert Systems and Human Communication. Expert systems are computer programs that solve selected problems by modelling domain-specific behaviors of human experts. These computer programs typically consist of an input/output system that feeds data into the computer and retrieves advice, an inference system using the reasoning and heuristic processes of human experts, and a knowledge acquisition system that enters information into the system. Expert systems are used to solve problems associated with mundane or recurrent activities requiring high levels of relatively scarce expertise, usually in science or medicine. They can, however, be applied to human communication activities such as summarizing research, writing speeches, monitoring political campaigns, and evaluating instructional strategies. In pointing out that generalized methods of problem solving are inefficient and error prone, artificial intelligence (AI) research encourages speech communication specialists to examine the domain-specific nature of certain communication patterns. Four potential hazards in AI development are an over dependence on machines, a reduction of the knowledge base, a loss of attention to pressing educational issues and a reliance on easy solutions to complex issues, and a loss of privacy due to the surveillance capabilities of expert systems.   [More]  Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Communication Research, Communication (Thought Transfer), Communications

Stedman, Donald J.; And Others (1972). How Can Effective Early Intervention Programs be Delivered to Potentially Retarded Children?. Reported are findings based on reviews of 40 longitudinal/intervention research projects, findings from a survey of 14 leading authorities in intervention research, and a proposal for developing a federal mechanism to translate intervention research projects into educational service programs for preschool children at risk of mental retardation. Findings from the research project review are given to indicate that intervention program participation yields positive results, and that the value varies according to characteristics of the program, of the child, and of the child's family or social setting. Results from the survey of authorities are discussed in relation to home-versus center-based programs, parents, staff considerations, program evaluation, research gaps, criteria for excellent programs, and issues concerning the federal role in research and program development. Proposed for federal effort to move successful program components into service is the system for educational research futures (SERF), a mechanism which combines a public-private partnership approach to product export, an incentive plan for federal agencies to identify promising programs, and a systematic surveillance and technical assistance activity to assure export and to assist potential consumers in export strategies. Included in appendixes are tables giving project information such as target population, program and evaluation characteristics, and dissemination readiness: a review of the Milwaukee Project (R. Heber), said to be well designed and innovative; and a list of over 400 publications on research projects or areas pertaining to early childhood.   [More]  Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Exceptional Child Research, Federal Government, Government Role

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